Madagascar

Flag of MadagascarMadagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara [republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French: République de Madagascar) and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the southeastern coast of Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from India around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90 percent of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population.
From Wikipedia

General information

  • The African Union (AU) was founded in 1999 with the goal of accelerating the process of integration in the continent, to enable it play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation. African Union member
  • ecoi.net, the country of origin information system of the Austrian Red Cross’ department ACCORD, aims at contributing to fair and efficient refugee status determination procedures by securing easy and fast access to high-quality and up-to-date country of origin information (COI) for all actors involved in asylum cases.ACCORD country of origin information
  • The French Institute of Madagascar (IFM) provides information on exhibitions, concerts, conferences, lectures, live performances, literary forums, workshops, panel discussions and festivals, and also has a library with an online catalogue (in French). L’Institut Français de Madagascar (IFM)
  • WildMadagascar.org highlights Madagascar's stunning wildlife, landscapes, and cultural diversity. Wild Madagascar

Government, law, politics and elections

  • Business law and information on taxation in francophone Africa including texts of laws. Kept up to date and selected by specialist lawyers. (In French.) Droit-Afrique.com
  • The objective of this a database of case law in French, is to allow magistrates and legal professionals (lawyers, notaries, bailiffs, jurists) to have free access to the decisions of the supreme courts. The database currently includes nearly 800,000 judgments from forty countries. Juricaf French jurisprudence
  • ECOLEX is an information service on environmental law, operated jointly by FAO, IUCN and UNEP. Its purpose is to build capacity worldwide by providing the most comprehensive possible global source of information on environmental law. The ECOLEX database includes information on treaties, international soft-law and other non-binding policy and technical guidance documents, national legislation, judicial decisions, and law and policy literature. Users have direct access to the abstracts and indexing information about each document, as well as to the full text of most of the information provided. ECOLEX environmental law
  • Congress established its Law Library in 1832, recognizing its need for ready access to reliable legal materials. The Law Library has grown over the years to become the world’s largest law library, with a collection of over 2.65 million volumes spanning the ages and covering virtually every jurisdiction in the world.Library of Congress Guide to Law Online
  • FAOLEX is a database of national legislation, policies and bilateral agreements on food, agriculture and natural resources management. The FAO Legal Office also collaborates with other FAO and non-FAO initiatives by facilitating the integration of FAOLEX data into separate platforms or by the systematic exchange and linking of information.FAOLEX associated databases
  • A directory of embassies worldwide.Embassy Worldwide
  • The World Legal Information Institute (WorldLII) is a free, independent and non-profit global legal research facility. WorldLII provides a single search facility for databases; the WorldLII Catalog provides links to over 15,000 law-related web sites in every country in the world. WorldLii legal information
  • UN ILO Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation.Intl. Labour Organization NATLEX database

Crisis, conflict, security

  • The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an independent, nonpartisan membership organization, think tank, and publisher dedicated to being a resource for its members, government officials, business executives, journalists, educators and students, civic and religious leaders, and other interested citizens in order to help them better understand the world and the foreign policy choices facing the United States and other countries. Council on Foreign Relations
  • The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) is an African non-profit organisation with offices in South Africa, Kenya, Ethiopia and Senegal. It partners to build knowledge and skills that secure Africa’s future. It's goal is to enhance human security as a means to achieve sustainable peace and prosperity. The topics ISS covers through research, policy advice and training are listed here, alongside the regions making up the continent. Select one or more topic and region to access results of our work that interest you.Institute for Security Studies
  • This index (formerly the Failed States Index), created by The Fund for Peace, has put countries into perspective by providing an annual snapshot of their vitality and stability (or lack thereof) and ranking them accordingly.Fragile States Index
  • The Global Observatory provides timely analysis on peace and security issues by experts, journalists, and policymakers. It is published by the International Peace Institute. The views expressed here represent those of the contributors and not IPI.IPI Global Observatory
  • Stratfor is a geopolitical intelligence platform that brings global events into valuable perspective. Worldview is the primary source for Stratfor’s published geopolitical analyses and forecasting. Stratfor Worldview
  • The Africa Center is a U.S. Department of Defense institution established and funded by Congress for the study of security issues relating to Africa and serving as a forum for bilateral and multilateral research, communication, training, and exchange of ideas involving military and civilian participants. Its mission is to advance African security by expanding understanding, providing a trusted platform for dialogue, building enduring partnerships, and catalyzing strategic solutions.Africa Center for Strategic Studies
  • Crisis24 Security risk management country reports (private company).Crisis24 Security risk management
  • The Global Observatory provides timely analysis on peace and security issues by experts, journalists, and policymakers. It is published by the International Peace Institute. The views expressed here represent those of the contributors and not IPI.IPI Global Observatory
  • Provides the current travel advice of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Dutch). Reisadviezen Rijksoverheid (Dutch)

Human rights

  • Freedom House is an independent watchdog organization dedicated to the expansion of freedom and democracy around the world.Freedom House
  • The Cato Institute Human Freedom Index presents the state of human freedom in the world based on a broad measure that encompasses personal, civil, and economic freedom. Human Freedom Index

Economy

  • The UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Competitive Industrial Performance Index (CIP) country profiles (PDF). Website: http://stat.unido.org/cip/Competitive Industrial Performance Index
  • The legal currency used in this country (Wikipedia).National currency (Wiki)
  • The Central Bank of this country.National Central Bank
  • The Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI) is an intergovernmental organisation that provides a platform for peer learning and exchange for African ministries of finance, budget and planning. The Budgets in Africa section provides up-to-date and regular information on African national budgets. Here you will be able to access publicly available budget documentation for African countries, since 2010.Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative
  • The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with twenty member states stretching from Libya to Swaziland. COMESA was formed in December 1994, replacing a Preferential Trade Area which had existed since 1981.Common Market for East and Southern Africa
  • The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana. Its goal is to further socio-economic cooperation and integration as well as political and security cooperation among 16 southern African states. It complements the role of the African Union.Southern African Development Community
  • The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) is an online data visualization and distribution platform focused on the geography and dynamics of economic activities. The OEC integrates and distributes data from a variety of sources to empower analysts in the private sector, public sector, and academia. Use Tools > Map to find export and import per country, or go to Profiles > Countries > International Organizations to see information about African economic, trade and development communities: CEN-SAD, ECOWAS, COMESA, SADC, ECCAS, and IGAD.Observatory of Economic Complexity
  • The history of COMESA began in December 1994 when it was formed to replace the former Preferential Trade Area (PTA) which had existed from the earlier days of 1981. COMESA (as defined by its Treaty) was established ‘as an organisation of free independent sovereign states which have agreed to co-operate in developing their natural and human resources for the good of all their people’ and as such it has a wide-ranging series of objectives which necessarily include in its priorities the promotion of peace and security in the region. However, due to COMESA’s economic history and background its main focus is on the formation of a large economic and trading unit that is capable of overcoming some of the barriers that are faced by individual states.Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA)
  • The CCBG consists of 15 Governors from the SADC (Southern African Development Community) central banks. The CCBG deals with the development of financial institutions and markets, co‑operation regarding international and regional financial relations, and monetary, investment and foreign exchange policies. Committee of Central Bank Governors in SADC

Development

  • The Indices of Social Development (ISD) hosted by ISS brings together 200 indicators, synthesising them into a usable set of measures to track how different societies perform along six dimensions of social development (data available for download as .slx, .csv, or .odf)ISS Indices of Social Development
  • The Brookings Institution is a nonprofit public policy organization based in Washington, DC. Our mission is to conduct in-depth research that leads to new ideas for solving problems facing society at the local, national and global level. Brookings brings together more than 300 leading experts in government and academia from all over the world who provide the highest quality research, policy recommendations, and analysis on a full range of public policy issues. The research agenda and recommendations of Brookings’s experts are rooted in open-minded inquiry and our 300+ scholars represent diverse points of view. Research topics cover foreign policy, economics, development, governance and metropolitan policy. Brookings Institution
  • SciDev.Net is the world’s leading source of reliable and authoritative news, views and analysis about science and technology for global development. Our Mission is to use independent journalism to help individuals and organisations apply science to decision-making in order to drive equitable, sustainable development and poverty reduction. SciDev.Net is part of CAB International (CABI) - a not-for-profit organisation that improves people’s lives worldwide by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment.SciDev.net
  • The Access Initiative (TAI) network encompasses more than 250 civil society organizations in 60 countries worldwide, from Argentina to Zimbabwe working to create a global movement promoting environmental democracy. Access Initiative Network
  • This website provides access to the open data of official development aid projects and programmes in IATI format, started after January 2015 and executed by the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland – RVO.nl). These projects are commissioned and funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.Netherlands Enterprise Agency aiddata
  • The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development provides information about (their relations with and projects in) countries in Africa.German Economic Cooperation and Development
  • The Commission's Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO) is responsible for designing European international cooperation and development policy and delivering aid throughout the world.EC International Cooperation and Development
  • International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) is a global initiative to improve the transparency of development and humanitarian resources and their results to address poverty and crises.International Aid Transparency Initiative

Sustainable Development Goals

  • The UNESCO Institute for Statistics has released a new data browser for Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) data. The browser allows users to view data and metadata from 2000 to 2023 in easy-to-navigate dashboards; to copy, print or download data in various formats (csv, Excel, pdf); to search for key words within the filtered dataset. Go to 'Country profile' and select a country to generate and download a complete country profile (PDF).UNESCO SDG4 Data explorer

Food, water, land and health

  • FAO Global Info and Early Warning System Country Briefs provide up to date information on the food security situation of monitored countries. The Country Briefs include information on the current agricultural season and the harvest prospects for the main staple food crops and livestock situation. In addition, the Briefs provide estimates and forecasts of cereal production and imports together with food price and policy developments.FAO Global Info and Early Warning System
  • The central objective of The African Seed Access Index (TASAI) is to promote the creation and maintenance of enabling environments for competitive seed systems serving smallholder farmers.  It is this enabling environment that TASAI seeks to measure, track, and compare across African countries. The intended outcome of this index is improved access to locally adapted, affordable, and high-quality seed of improved varieties by smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa.African Seed Access Index
  • The UNEP-DHI Partnership is a United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) centre of expertise dedicated to improving the management, development and use of freshwater resources from the local to the global level. UNEP-DHI Publications
  • AQUASTAT is FAO's global water information system, developed by the Land and Water Division. It is the most quoted source on global water statistics. FAO Aquastat
  • The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) has reported country, regional and global estimates of progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) since 1990. The JMP maintains an extensive global database and has become the leading source of comparable estimates of progress at national, regional and global levels. JMP Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
  • The FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles provide a comprehensive overview of the fisheries and aquaculture sector for each country (or areas/territories recognized by the Organization and with important fishery sector).FAO Statistics Fishery and Aquaculture
  • The Land Book presents comprehensive country and thematic pages with linked open data on land governance from diverse sources around the world.Landportal landbook
  • The Global Health Observatory theme pages provide data and analyses on global health priorities. Each theme page provides information on global situation and trends highlights, using core indicators, database views, major publications and links to relevant web pages on the theme.WHO Global Health Observatory
  • Part of the World Health Organization's website, with statistical information, health profiles, WHO collaboration,  mortality and burden of disease, nutrition and risk factors. UN World Health Organization
  • UNFPA works in more than 150 countries and territories that are home to the vast majority of the world’s people. Its mission: to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled. This website provides data on population, pregnancy, birth, health and more.UN Population Fund

Climate, environment, energy and resources

  • RISE is a set of indicators to help compare national policy and regulatory frameworks for sustainable energy. It assesses countries’ policy and regulatory support for each of the three pillars of sustainable energy—access to modern energy, energy efficiency, and renewable energy.Sustainable Energy Indicators
  • The Africa Energy Portal (AEP) is a one-stop-shop for energy sector news, insights, data and more. Launched in November 2018, the AEP focuses exclusively on Africa, serving as a repository for accurate and relevant information and data across the energy value chain. Africa Energy Portal
  • The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organisation that supports countries in their transition to a sustainable energy future, and serves as the principal platform for international cooperation, a centre of excellence, and a repository of policy, technology, resource and financial knowledge on renewable energy. IRENA promotes the widespread adoption and sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy, including bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, ocean, solar and wind energy in the pursuit of sustainable development, energy access, energy security and low-carbon economic growth and prosperity.International Renewable Energy Agency
  • The Issues Monitor is the World Energy Council’s global annual survey of energy leaders. It presents insight into the energy transition’s progress, key critical uncertainties and issues for action over the last 10 years. World Energy Issues Monitor
  • The African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA), in cooperation with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), have developed an ATLAS OF AFRICA ENERGY RESOURCES to graphically illustrate where the resources are, where the potential for expansion occurs and what the possible impacts on the environment could be. It provides visual information on the challenges and opportunities to providing Africa’s population with access to reliable, a fordable and modern energy services. Atlas of Africa Energy Resources
  • Publications, blogs, data visualizations, graphs and maps by the World Resources Institute.World Resources Institute
  • The USGS annual reviews from the 'Minerals Yearbook Volume III: Area Reports-International-Africa and the Middle East' are designed to provide timely statistical data on mineral commodities in various countries. Each report includes sections on government policies and programs, environmental issues, trade and production data, industry structure and ownership, commodity sector developments, infrastructure, and a summary outlook.US Geological Survey Minerals Information
  • Resource Watch features hundreds of data sets all in one place on the state of the planet’s resources and citizens. Users can visualize challenges facing people and the planet, from climate change to poverty, water risk to state instability, air pollution to human migration, and more.Resource Watch
  • Launched at the G8 Gleneagles Summit in 2005, the role of the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA) is to help improve the lives and economic well-being of millions of Africa’s people through encouraging, supporting and promoting increased investment in infrastructure in Africa, from both public and private sources. With a focus on regional programmes and initiatives, the ICA helps to facilitate infrastructure development in the water, transport, energy and ICT sectors. Infrastructure Consortium for Africa

Other data and statistics

  • the Minimum Set of Gender Indicators is a collection of 51 quantitative indicators and 11 qualitative indicators measuring and collecting information on issues relevant for gender equality and women's empowerment. In the data catalog, click on the sections to access each indicator's methodological information as well as data tables and map visualizations.UN DESA Gender Datahub
  • The United Nations Statistics Division collects, compiles and disseminates official demographic and social statistics on a wide range of topics. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. The Demographic Yearbook disseminates statistics on population size and composition, births, deaths, marriage and divorce, as well as respective rates, on an annual basis. The Demographic Yearbook census datasets cover a wide range of additional topics including economic activity, educational attainment, household characteristics, housing characteristics, ethnicity, language, foreign-born and foreign population.UN Population Censuses' Datasets
  • Internet usage statistics for every country in the world.Internet World Stats
  • DataReportal is designed to help people and organisations all over the world to find the data, insights, and trends they need to make more informed decisions. Datareportal Global Digital Insights
  • The database currently contains data about UNHCR's populations of concern from the year 1951 up to 2017 and you can use it to investigate different aspects of these populations: their general composition by location of residence or origin, their status (refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, etc.), their evolution over time, and so on.UNHCR Population Statistics
  • The Population Reference Bureau (USA) analyzes demographic data and research to provide objective, accurate, and up-to-date population information in accessible formats.Population Reference Bureau Intl. data
  • Social and economic statistics on Madagascar (in French). INSTAT (Institut National de la Statistique) Madagascar
  • Data dashboards on Economy, Energy, Demographics etc. for the COMESA member countries.COMESA Data Dashboards
  • The use of public-private partnerships to design, build and deliver infrastructure worldwide has grown significantly in the past decade. Yet the availability of reliable information to help governments and advisors design and deliver projects well, has lagged behind. The PPP Knowledge Lab brings together the most relevant and authoritative resources on public-private partnerships in one location to empower governments and their advisors to design and deliver best in class infrastructure projects. Public-Private Infrastructure Partnerships
  • The Global Infrastructure Hub aims at connecting the global infrastructure community and sharing insights to facilitate delivery of G20 members’ economic, social and environmental outcomes through more and better infrastructure. The GI Hub works with public and private sectors globally to increase the flow and quality of infrastructure projects around the world. We share data, knowledge and leading practices, and help the public and private sectors work more closely to deliver crucial public infrastructure projects.Infrastructure Knowledge Exchange

Publications

  • The Dag Hammarskjöld Library provides research and information to support the work of United Nations Member States. As an integral part of the UN Organization, the Library also aids in the dissemination of UN information to a wider public audience through online services, and a global depository library network.UN Dag Hammerskjöld Library
  • A list of free, Africa-related journals, provided by the ASCL Library.Free Africa-related journals
  • Writing Help for Academic Essays and Research Papers. Explore IPL's repository of 500,000+ essays across thousands of topics to help you finish your homework.Internet Public Library
  • A bibliography of Malagasy language and linguistics compiled by Oxford University’s Charles Randriamasimanana (1943-2007). Malagasy language and linguistics
  • Provides free access to more than 50 e-books from or about Madagascar (fiction, travel literature, historical novels and issues of the Bulletin du Comité de Madagascar) from the late 19th and early 20th centuries and a list of recent books on Madagascar.Bibliothèque Malgache
  • Offers an extensive Malagasy dictionary with English and French translations (also a few in Italian and German) with a search function and information on dialects, history, geography, zoology, proverbs and abbreviations. Encyclopedia of Madagascar and Malagasy dictionary
  • This database, maintained by the library of the University of Antanavario and 13 other partners, has information and details of books on Madagascar. Mediathèque et Bibliothèque Electronique de l'Océan Indien

Education

  • En vue de gérer les problématiques d’Enseignement supérieur et de Recherche scientifique des pays membres, le CAMES a pour missions plus spécifiques de: Promouvoir et favoriser la compréhension et la solidarité entre les États membres; Instaurer une coopération culturelle et scientifique permanente entre les États membres; Rassembler et diffuser tous documents universitaires ou de recherche: thèses, statistiques, informations sur les examens, annuaires, annales, palmarès, information sur les offres et demandes d’emploi de toutes origines; Préparer les projets de conventions entre les États concernés dans les domaines de l’Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et contribuer à l’application de ces conventions; Concevoir et promouvoir la concertation en vue de coordonner les systèmes d’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche afin d’harmoniser les programmes et les niveaux de recrutement dans les différents établissements d’enseignement supérieur et de recherche, favoriser la coopération entre les différentes institutions, ainsi que des échanges d’informations.Conseil pour l'Enseignement Súperieur
  • The International Bibliographic Database on Higher Education (HEDBIB) is a unique resource of references and publications on higher education systems, administration, planning, policy and evaluation from around the world. Links to electronic publications are provided where freely available. New higher education publications are identified by the IAU Information Centre monitoring team. Bibliographic Database on Higher Education
  • Education Sub-Saharan Africa was founded in 2016 to join up, inform, inspire, focus and increase impact for everyone investing in education in sub-Saharan Africa. African Education Research Database
  • The UNESCO World Inequality Database on Education (WIDE) brings together data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), other national household surveys and learning assessments from over 160 countries. Users can compare education outcomes between countries, and between groups within countries, according to factors that are associated with inequality, including wealth, gender, and ethnicity and location. Users can also create maps, charts, infographics and tables from the data, and download, print or share them online.World Inequality Database on Education
  • UNESCO website dedicated to education in Africa, with blogs, links to databases, information on SDG4.UNESCO Education in Africa
  • University World News is the first high-quality truly international newspaper and website, dedicated to providing such coverage. Supported by some of the world’s most experienced education journalists, and aimed at higher education readers worldwide, it is offering a weekly emailed newspaper plus access to a dedicated news website – free of charge. University World News comprises a network of some five dozen education journalists based in more than two dozen countries, with representation in all regions. Our journalists are respected senior reporters who have been prolifically published in international and national newspapers and magazines. University World News
  • Museums in Africa on Wikipedia.Museums in Africa (Wiki)

News about Madagascar

Showing 4 headlines from the past seven days
02/21/2024 - 08:35
[UN News] People living in Madagascar are learning to adapt to...
All Africa, All the Time.
02/20/2024 - 13:00
People living in Madagascar are learning to adapt to rapidly altering...
UN News - Global perspective Human stories | Afric...
02/18/2024 - 19:02
[UN News] Ongoing humanitarian crises in southern Madagascar have...
All Africa, All the Time.
02/18/2024 - 13:00
Ongoing humanitarian crises in southern Madagascar have worsened the...
UN News - Global perspective Human stories | Afric...