Madagascar

Flag of MadagascarMadagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara [republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French: République de Madagascar) and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the southeastern coast of Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from India around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90 percent of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population.
From Wikipedia

General information

  • UNESCO lists oral traditions, performing arts, social practices, rituals, festive events, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe, or the knowledge and skills to produce traditional crafts, as intangable cultural heritage.UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage
  • The African Union (AU) was founded in 1999 with the goal of accelerating the process of integration in the continent, to enable it play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation. African Union member
  • The French Institute of Madagascar (IFM) provides information on exhibitions, concerts, conferences, lectures, live performances, literary forums, workshops, panel discussions and festivals, and also has a library with an online catalogue (in French). L’Institut Français de Madagascar (IFM)
  • WildMadagascar.org highlights Madagascar's stunning wildlife, landscapes, and cultural diversity. Wild Madagascar

Government, law, politics and elections

  • Provides access to information about legal matters in 16 Southern and Eastern African countries including primary legal materials (legislation, treaties and decisions by courts and tribunals) and secondary materials created by public bodies for purposes of public access (e.g. law reform and royal commission reports) and a number of law journals. Southern African Legal Information Institute
  • Business law and information on taxation in francophone Africa including texts of laws. Kept up to date and selected by specialist lawyers. (In French.) Droit-Afrique.com
  • The objective of this a database of case law in French, is to allow magistrates and legal professionals (lawyers, notaries, bailiffs, jurists) to have free access to the decisions of the supreme courts. The database currently includes nearly 800,000 judgments from forty countries. Juricaf French jurisprudence
  • ECOLEX is an information service on environmental law, operated jointly by FAO, IUCN and UNEP. Its purpose is to build capacity worldwide by providing the most comprehensive possible global source of information on environmental law. The ECOLEX database includes information on treaties, international soft-law and other non-binding policy and technical guidance documents, national legislation, judicial decisions, and law and policy literature. Users have direct access to the abstracts and indexing information about each document, as well as to the full text of most of the information provided. ECOLEX environmental law
  • Congress established its Law Library in 1832, recognizing its need for ready access to reliable legal materials. The Law Library has grown over the years to become the world’s largest law library, with a collection of over 2.65 million volumes spanning the ages and covering virtually every jurisdiction in the world.Library of Congress Guide to Law Online
  • FAOLEX is a database of national legislation, policies and bilateral agreements on food, agriculture and natural resources management. The FAO Legal Office also collaborates with other FAO and non-FAO initiatives by facilitating the integration of FAOLEX data into separate platforms or by the systematic exchange and linking of information.FAOLEX associated databases
  • A directory of embassies worldwide.Embassy Worldwide
  • UN ILO Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation.Intl. Labour Organization NATLEX database
  • The African Legal Information Institute (AfricanLII) is a project of the Democratic Governance and Rights Unit (DGRU) at the Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town. It was incubated at the Southern Africa Litigation Center (SALC). AfricanLII's main goal is to promote Free Access to Law and Open Justice in Africa. AfricanLii access to law
  • The World Legal Information Institute (WorldLII) is a free, independent and non-profit global legal research facility. WorldLII provides a single search facility for databases; the WorldLII Catalog provides links to over 15,000 law-related web sites in every country in the world. WorldLii legal information

Crisis, conflict, security

  • Minorities at Risk (MAR) tracks 284 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world from 1945 to the present -- identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. The minority group assessments consist of two parts: a risk assessment and an analytic summary. The risk assessment summarizes whether the group is at risk of rebellion, protest, or repression, based on levels of a number of other variables. The analytic summary gives a brief history of the group and its relations with the state.Minorities at Risk
  • The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) is an African non-profit organisation with offices in South Africa, Kenya, Ethiopia and Senegal. It partners to build knowledge and skills that secure Africa’s future. It's goal is to enhance human security as a means to achieve sustainable peace and prosperity. The topics ISS covers through research, policy advice and training are listed here, alongside the regions making up the continent. Select one or more topic and region to access results of our work that interest you.Institute for Security Studies
  • This index (formerly the Failed States Index), created by The Fund for Peace, has put countries into perspective by providing an annual snapshot of their vitality and stability (or lack thereof) and ranking them accordingly.Fragile States Index
  • The Global Observatory provides timely analysis on peace and security issues by experts, journalists, and policymakers. It is published by the International Peace Institute. The views expressed here represent those of the contributors and not IPI.IPI Global Observatory
  • Stratfor is a geopolitical intelligence platform that brings global events into valuable perspective. Worldview is the primary source for Stratfor’s published geopolitical analyses and forecasting. Stratfor Worldview
  • The Africa Center is a U.S. Department of Defense institution established and funded by Congress for the study of security issues relating to Africa and serving as a forum for bilateral and multilateral research, communication, training, and exchange of ideas involving military and civilian participants. Its mission is to advance African security by expanding understanding, providing a trusted platform for dialogue, building enduring partnerships, and catalyzing strategic solutions.Africa Center for Strategic Studies
  • Established in Washington, D.C., over 50 years ago, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a bipartisan, nonprofit policy research organization dedicated to providing strategic insights and policy solutions to help decisionmakers chart a course toward a better world.Center for Strategic and International Studies
  • This information portal of the German Federal Agency for Civic Education (bpb) and BICC provides background information on issues regarding security policy.War and Peace security policy issues
  • The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an independent, nonpartisan membership organization, think tank, and publisher dedicated to being a resource for its members, government officials, business executives, journalists, educators and students, civic and religious leaders, and other interested citizens in order to help them better understand the world and the foreign policy choices facing the United States and other countries. Council on Foreign Relations
  • Provides the current travel advice of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Dutch). Reisadviezen Rijksoverheid (Dutch)

Economy

  • Country information by the research and analysis division of The Economist Group, the sister company to The Economist newspaper. Economist Intelligence Unit
  • The UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Competitive Industrial Performance Index (CIP) country profiles (PDF). Website: http://stat.unido.org/cip/Competitive Industrial Performance Index
  • The Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI) is an intergovernmental organisation that provides a platform for peer learning and exchange for African ministries of finance, budget and planning. The Budgets in Africa section provides up-to-date and regular information on African national budgets. Here you will be able to access publicly available budget documentation for African countries, since 2010.Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative
  • The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with twenty member states stretching from Libya to Swaziland. COMESA was formed in December 1994, replacing a Preferential Trade Area which had existed since 1981.Common Market for East and Southern Africa
  • The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana. Its goal is to further socio-economic cooperation and integration as well as political and security cooperation among 16 southern African states. It complements the role of the African Union.Southern African Development Community
  • The legal currency used in this country (Wikipedia).National currency (Wiki)
  • The Central Bank of this country.National Central Bank
  • The Observatory of Economic Complexity is a tool that allows users to quickly compose a visual narrative about countries and the products they exchange. It was Alexander Simoes' Master Thesis in Media Arts and Sciences at the MIT Media Lab.Observatory of Economic Complexity
  • The CCBG consists of 15 Governors from the SADC (Southern African Development Community) central banks. The CCBG deals with the development of financial institutions and markets, co‑operation regarding international and regional financial relations, and monetary, investment and foreign exchange policies. Committee of Central Bank Governors in SADC

Trade and taxes

  • PricewaterhouseCoopers Worldwide Tax Summaries provides information on corporate and individual taxes in over 150 territories worldwide.PWC Worldwide Tax Summaries

Development

  • Various data, economic analysis and data tools, provided by USAID IDEA.USAID Intl. Data & Economic Analysis
  • The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is a leading independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues. ODI works with partners in the public and private sectors, in both developing and developed countries. You may also want to use the website search function, or see: https://www.odi.org/our-work/sub-saharan-africa.Overseas Development Institute
  • Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs, is an independent policy institute based in London. Chatham House
  • The Indices of Social Development (ISD) hosted by ISS brings together 200 indicators, synthesising them into a usable set of measures to track how different societies perform along six dimensions of social development (data available for download as .slx, .csv, or .odf)ISS Indices of Social Development
  • The Country Information Portal provides overview and consolidation to more than 80 countries. The individual country contributions are subdivided into five subject areas and thus cover a broad spectrum of relevant aspects of international cooperation. This information is supported by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), as part of the project "Key Qualifications for International Cooperation". In German.LIPortal country information (German)
  • This website provides access to the open data of official development aid projects and programmes in IATI format, started after January 2015 and executed by the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland – RVO.nl). These projects are commissioned and funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.Netherlands Enterprise Agency aiddata
  • The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development provides information about (their relations with and projects in) countries in Africa.German Economic Cooperation and Development
  • The Commission's Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO) is responsible for designing European international cooperation and development policy and delivering aid throughout the world.EC International Cooperation and Development
  • International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) is a global initiative to improve the transparency of development and humanitarian resources and their results to address poverty and crises.International Aid Transparency Initiative
  • The Access Initiative (TAI) network encompasses more than 250 civil society organizations in 60 countries worldwide, from Argentina to Zimbabwe working to create a global movement promoting environmental democracy. Access Initiative Network

Food, water, land and health

  • The UN Environment-DHI Centre on Water and Environment (UN Environment-DHI) is a United Nations Environment Programme centre of expertise supported by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, dedicated to improving the management, development and use of freshwater resources from the local to the global level. The IWRM Data Portal provides access to the results of the global baseline reporting on SDG indicator 6.5.1 - Degree of IWRM Implementation. It contains the global assessment results and analysis products, as well as the national submissions of the 172 reporting countries.Water Resources Management data portal
  • UN Environment is supporting countries in monitoring and reporting on Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), including indicator 6.5.1 on the Degree of Integrated Water Resources Management implementation.IWRM Data Portal
  • The UNEP-DHI Partnership is a United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) centre of expertise dedicated to improving the management, development and use of freshwater resources from the local to the global level. UNEP-DHI Publications
  • AQUASTAT is FAO's global water information system, developed by the Land and Water Division. It is the most quoted source on global water statistics. FAO Aquastat
  • The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) has reported country, regional and global estimates of progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) since 1990. The JMP maintains an extensive global database and has become the leading source of comparable estimates of progress at national, regional and global levels. JMP Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
  • The FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles provide a comprehensive overview of the fisheries and aquaculture sector for each country (or areas/territories recognized by the Organization and with important fishery sector).FAO Statistics Fishery and Aquaculture
  • FAO Global Info and Early Warning System Country Briefs provide up to date information on the food security situation of monitored countries. The Country Briefs include information on the current agricultural season and the harvest prospects for the main staple food crops and livestock situation. In addition, the Briefs provide estimates and forecasts of cereal production and imports together with food price and policy developments.FAO Global Info and Early Warning System
  • The Gender and Land Rights Database (GLRD) was launched by FAO in 2010 to highlight the major political, legal and cultural factors that influence the realisation of women’s land rights throughout the world. It also serves as a platform to address, discuss and provide information about gender and land issues with the support of 84 Country Profiles, Land Tenure Statistics disaggregated by gender, and a Legal Assessment Tool for gender-equitable land tenure (LAT).FAO Gender and Land Rights Database
  • The Land Book presents comprehensive country and thematic pages with linked open data on land governance from diverse sources around the world.Landportal landbook
  • The Global Health Observatory theme pages provide data and analyses on global health priorities. Each theme page provides information on global situation and trends highlights, using core indicators, database views, major publications and links to relevant web pages on the theme.WHO Global Health Observatory

Climate, environment, energy and resources

  • The Africa Energy Portal (AEP) is a one-stop-shop for energy sector news, insights, data and more. Launched in November 2018, the AEP focuses exclusively on Africa, serving as a repository for accurate and relevant information and data across the energy value chain. Africa Energy Portal
  • Publications, blogs, data visualizations, graphs and maps by the World Resources Institute.World Resources Institute
  • The USGS annual reviews from the 'Minerals Yearbook Volume III: Area Reports-International-Africa and the Middle East' are designed to provide timely statistical data on mineral commodities in various countries. Each report includes sections on government policies and programs, environmental issues, trade and production data, industry structure and ownership, commodity sector developments, infrastructure, and a summary outlook.US Geological Survey Minerals Information
  • Resource Watch features hundreds of data sets all in one place on the state of the planet’s resources and citizens. Users can visualize challenges facing people and the planet, from climate change to poverty, water risk to state instability, air pollution to human migration, and more.Resource Watch

Other data and statistics

  • The ICT Development Index provides data on (broadband) internet and mobile use, internet connections, number of households with a PC, and more. Provided by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU). Information is available for most African countries.ICT Development Index
  • The UN Evidence and Data for Gender Equality (EDGE) project is a joint initiative of the United Nations Statistics Division and UN Women that seeks to improve the integration of gender issues into the regular production of official statistics for better, evidence-based policies. Select a country to see statistics for a minimum set of gender indicators.UN EDGE Gender Statistics
  • The United Nations Statistics Division collects, compiles and disseminates official demographic and social statistics on a wide range of topics. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. The Demographic Yearbook disseminates statistics on population size and composition, births, deaths, marriage and divorce, as well as respective rates, on an annual basis. The Demographic Yearbook census datasets cover a wide range of additional topics including economic activity, educational attainment, household characteristics, housing characteristics, ethnicity, language, foreign-born and foreign population.UN Population Censuses' Datasets
  • DataReportal is designed to help people and organisations all over the world to find the data, insights, and trends they need to make more informed decisions. Datareportal Global Digital Insights
  • The database currently contains data about UNHCR's populations of concern from the year 1951 up to 2017 and you can use it to investigate different aspects of these populations: their general composition by location of residence or origin, their status (refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, etc.), their evolution over time, and so on.UNHCR Population Statistics
  • Social and economic statistics on Madagascar (in French). INSTAT (Institut National de la Statistique) Madagascar
  • The Population Reference Bureau (USA) analyzes demographic data and research to provide objective, accurate, and up-to-date population information in accessible formats.Population Reference Bureau Intl. data
  • Data dashboards on Economy, Energy, Demographics etc. for the COMESA member countries.COMESA Data Dashboards
  • UNCTADSTAT country profiles are selections of key economic statistics by country. They include a wide range of internationally comparable indicators allowing users to compare statistics across countries. The maritime profiles provide a basic snapshot of a country's situation regarding maritime transport and international trade, facilitating convenient cross-country comparisons.UNCTAD statistics maritime profiles
  • The Global Slavery Index provides a map, country by country, of the estimated prevalence of modern slavery, together with information about the steps each government has taken to respond to this issue. This information allows an objective comparison and assessment of both the problem and adequacy of the response in 167 countries.Global Slavery Index

Publications

  • Google Scholar provides a search of scholarly literature across many disciplines and sources, including theses, books, abstracts and articles. Not all content found in Scholar is free. The link offered here is restricted to search terms in the title.Google Scholar
  • African Journals Online (AJOL) is a collection of over 380 peer-reviewed, African-published scholarly journals. AJOL provides access to citations, and where available to abstracts and/or full-text. The link provided here is a Google site search. You may also browse the journals by category or country, or browse only Open Access titles.African Journals Online
  • NARCIS is the main national portal in the Netherlands for those looking for information about researchers and their work. NARCIS provides access to scientific information, including (open access) publications from the repositories of all the Dutch universities, KNAW, NWO and a number of research institutes, datasets from some data archives as well as descriptions of research projects, researchers and research institutes.NARCIS Academic Information System
  • IDEAS is the largest bibliographic database dedicated to Economics and available freely on the Internet. Based on RePEc, it indexes over 2,600,000 items of research, including over 2,400,000 that can be downloaded in full text.IDEAS Economics database
  • The FAO Corporate Document RepositoryOpens external houses FAO documents and publications, as well as selected non-FAO publications, in electronic format. It includes publications dealing with food, food security, agriculture, aquaculture, forestry, and rural development. Please add search terms yourself (for example country name).FAO Documents
  • BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine) is one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic web resources. BASE provides more than 140 million documents from more than 6,000 sources. You can access the full texts of about 60% of the indexed documents for free (Open Access). BASE is operated by Bielefeld University Library. The links in this portal for each country are queries for open access documents.Bielefeld Academic Search Engine
  • OECD iLibrary is the online library of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) featuring its books, papers and statistics and is the gateway to OECD’s analysis and data. It replaced SourceOECD in July 2010. OECD iLibrary also contains content published by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the OECD Development Centre, PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), and the International Transport Forum (ITF). OECD iLibrary
  • DART-Europe is a partnership of research libraries and library consortia who are working together to improve global access to European research theses. DART-Europe is endorsed by LIBER (Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche), and it is the European Working Group of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD).DART-Europe E-theses Portal
  • The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ASKIA (Access to Scientific Knowledge In Africa) database provides access to many (scientific) publications. You can search for a country name, and limit the results to the availability of full-text.UNECA Access to Scientific Knowledge in Africa
  • The Dag Hammarskjöld Library provides research and information to support the work of United Nations Member States. As an integral part of the UN Organization, the Library also aids in the dissemination of UN information to a wider public audience through online services, and a global depository library network.UN Dag Hammerskjöld Library

Education

  • The AAU (Association of African Universities) TV is your one stop place for all information on Higher Education in Africa. We bring you news spanning the continent and beyond as well as intriguing discussions and interviews on the AAU Talks. We also give you an insight into the wonderful universities in Africa as well as some documentaries.AAU TV Talks and Documentaries
  • En vue de gérer les problématiques d’Enseignement supérieur et de Recherche scientifique des pays membres, le CAMES a pour missions plus spécifiques de: Promouvoir et favoriser la compréhension et la solidarité entre les États membres; Instaurer une coopération culturelle et scientifique permanente entre les États membres; Rassembler et diffuser tous documents universitaires ou de recherche: thèses, statistiques, informations sur les examens, annuaires, annales, palmarès, information sur les offres et demandes d’emploi de toutes origines; Préparer les projets de conventions entre les États concernés dans les domaines de l’Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et contribuer à l’application de ces conventions; Concevoir et promouvoir la concertation en vue de coordonner les systèmes d’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche afin d’harmoniser les programmes et les niveaux de recrutement dans les différents établissements d’enseignement supérieur et de recherche, favoriser la coopération entre les différentes institutions, ainsi que des échanges d’informations.Conseil pour l'Enseignement Súperieur
  • The International Bibliographic Database on Higher Education (HEDBIB) is a unique resource of references and publications on higher education systems, administration, planning, policy and evaluation from around the world. Links to electronic publications are provided where freely available. New higher education publications are identified by the IAU Information Centre monitoring team. Bibliographic Database on Higher Education
  • Education Sub-Saharan Africa was founded in 2016 to join up, inform, inspire, focus and increase impact for everyone investing in education in sub-Saharan Africa. African Education Research Database
  • University World News is the first high-quality truly international newspaper and website, dedicated to providing such coverage. Supported by some of the world’s most experienced education journalists, and aimed at higher education readers worldwide, it is offering a weekly emailed newspaper plus access to a dedicated news website – free of charge. University World News comprises a network of some five dozen education journalists based in more than two dozen countries, with representation in all regions. Our journalists are respected senior reporters who have been prolifically published in international and national newspapers and magazines. University World News
  • Museums in Africa on Wikipedia.Museums in Africa (Wiki)

Movies and images

  • The African Media Program (AMP) offers an online, comprehensive database of films, videos, and other audio-visual materials concerning Africa as well as education services about African media. The AMP is a project from Michigan State University's (MSU) African Studies Center, a Title VI National Resource Center in African Languages and Area Studies.The African Media Program
  • Africa in the Photobook is a website initiated in 2015 by photographer and (photo)historian Ben Krewinkel. The website is about the changing visual representation of Africa as expressed through the medium of the photobook. By showcasing book spreads the books become partly accessible to a wider public and function as a platform for students, collectors and experts to talk about the content of the books. Africa in the Photobook
  • The images in Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora have been selected from a wide range of sources, most of them dating from the period of slavery. Our growing collection currently has over 1,200 images. This website is envisioned as a tool and a resource that can be used by teachers, researchers, students, and the general public - in brief, anyone interested in the experiences of Africans who were enslaved and transported to the Americas and the lives of their descendants in the slave societies of the New World.Slavery Images
  • Videos on DailyMotion.Videos on DailyMotion

News about Madagascar

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