Libya

Flag of LibyaLibya (Arabic: ‏ليبيا‎ Lībyā, Berber: Libya), officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the 17th largest country in the world.

From Wikipedia

General information

  • The African Union (AU) was founded in 1999 with the goal of accelerating the process of integration in the continent, to enable it play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation. African Union member
  • ecoi.net, the country of origin information system of the Austrian Red Cross’ department ACCORD, aims at contributing to fair and efficient refugee status determination procedures by securing easy and fast access to high-quality and up-to-date country of origin information (COI) for all actors involved in asylum cases.ACCORD country of origin information
  • Compiled by Ibrahim Ighneiwa, this website provides resources and links to full texts and other sites on Libya, its people and its history (in English and Arabic). Libya: our home
  • Has information on Libya’s culture, history, literature, art, music and folklore.Libyana: culture of Libya
  • Has information about postage stamps and Libya’s postal history, with links to the Davies Collection of Libyan stamps from 1955 to 1969, the postage stamps and the postal history of Tripolitania (now part of Libya) and revenue stamps.Postage stamps and the postal history of Libya
  • AL-BAB began in February 1998 as "Yemen Gateway". The website seeks to provide links, background information and context about the Arab world. Al-bab.com

Government, law, politics and elections

  • The African Legal Information Institute (AfricanLII) is a project of the Democratic Governance and Rights Unit (DGRU) at the Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town. It was incubated at the Southern Africa Litigation Center (SALC). AfricanLII's main goal is to promote Free Access to Law and Open Justice in Africa. AfricanLii access to law
  • The World Legal Information Institute (WorldLII) is a free, independent and non-profit global legal research facility. WorldLII provides a single search facility for databases; the WorldLII Catalog provides links to over 15,000 law-related web sites in every country in the world. WorldLii legal information
  • UN ILO Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation.Intl. Labour Organization NATLEX database

Crisis, conflict, security

  • The Mapping Arms Data (MAD) 1992-2014 visualization project is produced by PRIO and the Igarapé Institute. It represents an upgrade of the original global small arms, light weapons and ammunition visualization produced by Google as part of the Google Ideas INFO (Illicit Networks Forces in Opposition) Summit with support from the Igarapé Institute.Arms Data Mapping
  • The UN Register of Conventional Arms (UNROCA) offers data about arms trade as reported by 170 countries. UN Register of Conventional Arms data
  • Genocide Watch exists to predict, prevent, stop, and punish genocide and other forms of mass murder. Our purpose is to build an international movement to prevent and stop genocide.Genocide Watch map
  • The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an independent, nonpartisan membership organization, think tank, and publisher dedicated to being a resource for its members, government officials, business executives, journalists, educators and students, civic and religious leaders, and other interested citizens in order to help them better understand the world and the foreign policy choices facing the United States and other countries. Council on Foreign Relations
  • This index (formerly the Failed States Index), created by The Fund for Peace, has put countries into perspective by providing an annual snapshot of their vitality and stability (or lack thereof) and ranking them accordingly.Fragile States Index
  • The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) is an African non-profit organisation with offices in South Africa, Kenya, Ethiopia and Senegal. It partners to build knowledge and skills that secure Africa’s future. It's goal is to enhance human security as a means to achieve sustainable peace and prosperity. The topics ISS covers through research, policy advice and training are listed here, alongside the regions making up the continent. Select one or more topic and region to access results of our work that interest you.Institute for Security Studies
  • The Global Observatory provides timely analysis on peace and security issues by experts, journalists, and policymakers. It is published by the International Peace Institute. The views expressed here represent those of the contributors and not IPI.IPI Global Observatory
  • The International Institute for Strategic Studies is a world-leading authority on global security, political risk and military conflict.International Institute for Strategic Studies
  • Stratfor is a geopolitical intelligence platform that brings global events into valuable perspective. Worldview is the primary source for Stratfor’s published geopolitical analyses and forecasting. Stratfor Worldview
  • Security Council Report’s mission is to advance the transparency and effectiveness of the UN Security Council. Security Council Report

Human rights

  • The CIVICUS Monitor is a research tool that provides close to real-time data on the state of civil society and civic freedoms in 196 countries. The data is generated through a collaboration with more than 20 civil society research partners, and input from a number of independent human rights evaluations.CIVICUS Monitor
  • The African Charter established the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. In addition to performing any other tasks which may be entrusted to it by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government, the Commission is officially charged with three major functions: the protection of human and peoples' rights; the promotion of human and peoples' rights; the interpretation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights.Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
  • JusticeInfo.net is an independent media platform of Fondation Hirondelle, together with academic partners Oxford Transitional Justice Research (OTJR) and Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI). JusticeInfo.net provides news and analysis of justice developments in transition societies, such as the work of Truth Commissions, tribunals investigating serious human rights abuses, peace and reconciliation processes. Fondation Hirondelle Justice Info
  • The Cato Institute Human Freedom Index presents the state of human freedom in the world based on a broad measure that encompasses personal, civil, and economic freedom. Human Freedom Index
  • Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.Equaldex LGBT Rights
  • From villages in rural India to the corridors of power in Brussels, Transparency International gives voice to the victims and witnesses of corruption. We work together with governments, businesses and citizens to stop the abuse of power, bribery and secret deals.Transparency International
  • Freedom House is an independent watchdog organization dedicated to the expansion of freedom and democracy around the world.Freedom House 2018 report

Economy

  • The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with twenty member states stretching from Libya to Swaziland. COMESA was formed in December 1994, replacing a Preferential Trade Area which had existed since 1981.Common Market for East and Southern Africa
  • The legal currency used in this country (Wikipedia).National currency (Wiki)
  • The Central Bank of this country.National Central Bank
  • The Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI) is an intergovernmental organisation that provides a platform for peer learning and exchange for African ministries of finance, budget and planning. The Budgets in Africa section provides up-to-date and regular information on African national budgets. Here you will be able to access publicly available budget documentation for African countries, since 2010.Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative
  • The Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) is a trade agreement aiming for economic and future political unity among Arab countries of the Maghreb in North Africa. Its members are the nations of Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia.Arab Maghreb Union
  • The Observatory of Economic Complexity is a tool that allows users to quickly compose a visual narrative about countries and the products they exchange. It was Alexander Simoes' Master Thesis in Media Arts and Sciences at the MIT Media Lab.Observatory of Economic Complexity

Development

  • The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is a leading independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues. ODI works with partners in the public and private sectors, in both developing and developed countries. You may also want to use the website search function, or see: https://www.odi.org/our-work/sub-saharan-africa.Overseas Development Institute
  • The Indices of Social Development (ISD) hosted by ISS brings together 200 indicators, synthesising them into a usable set of measures to track how different societies perform along six dimensions of social development (data available for download as .slx, .csv, or .odf)ISS Indices of Social Development
  • The Arab Development Portal (ADP) is an initiative of the Coordination Group of Arab, National and Regional Development Institutions (CG), the Islamic Development Bank and the OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID), in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The initiative aims to enhance the knowledge of people on development in the Arab region.Arab Development Portal
  • The Brookings Institution is a nonprofit public policy organization based in Washington, DC. Our mission is to conduct in-depth research that leads to new ideas for solving problems facing society at the local, national and global level. Brookings brings together more than 300 leading experts in government and academia from all over the world who provide the highest quality research, policy recommendations, and analysis on a full range of public policy issues. The research agenda and recommendations of Brookings’s experts are rooted in open-minded inquiry and our 300+ scholars represent diverse points of view. Research topics cover foreign policy, economics, development, governance and metropolitan policy. Brookings Institution
  • SciDev.Net is the world’s leading source of reliable and authoritative news, views and analysis about science and technology for global development. Our Mission is to use independent journalism to help individuals and organisations apply science to decision-making in order to drive equitable, sustainable development and poverty reduction. SciDev.Net is part of CAB International (CABI) - a not-for-profit organisation that improves people’s lives worldwide by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment.SciDev.net
  • International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) is a global initiative to improve the transparency of development and humanitarian resources and their results to address poverty and crises.International Aid Transparency Initiative
  • The overarching objective of the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group is to spur sustainable economic development and social progress in its regional member countries (RMCs), thus contributing to poverty reduction.African Development Bank Group
  • Blogging platform with guest post about Africa. This category is about development issues. The content is shared with partner platforms such as The Guardian African Network, Christian Science Monitor and the European Centre for Development Policy Management. Africa on the Blog

Development - United Nations

  • Arab Human Development Reports (AHDRs) engage institutions and citizens in the Arab countries in analysis and discussion about the factors which shape the choices and freedoms available to people across the region, so as to foster understanding and consensus around regional and national development priorities. The website offers a data visualization tool to explore data by country (Mine the Data > Data by Country).UNDP Arab Human Development Reports
  • The UNESCO transparency portal has been designed to enable public access to information about the Organization's activities across sectors, countries, and regions, accompanied by some detail on budgetary and donor information. UNESCO transparency portal

Sustainable Development Goals

Food, water, land and health

  • The UNEP-DHI Partnership is a United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) centre of expertise dedicated to improving the management, development and use of freshwater resources from the local to the global level. UNEP-DHI Publications
  • AQUASTAT is FAO's global water information system, developed by the Land and Water Division. It is the most quoted source on global water statistics. FAO Aquastat
  • FAO Global Info and Early Warning System Country Briefs provide up to date information on the food security situation of monitored countries. The Country Briefs include information on the current agricultural season and the harvest prospects for the main staple food crops and livestock situation. In addition, the Briefs provide estimates and forecasts of cereal production and imports together with food price and policy developments.FAO Global Info and Early Warning System
  • Wikipedia pages with lots of information about water supply and sanitation in Africa.Water supply and sanitation (Wiki)
  • The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) has reported country, regional and global estimates of progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) since 1990. The JMP maintains an extensive global database and has become the leading source of comparable estimates of progress at national, regional and global levels. JMP Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
  • The FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles provide a comprehensive overview of the fisheries and aquaculture sector for each country (or areas/territories recognized by the Organization and with important fishery sector).FAO Statistics Fishery and Aquaculture
  • The Land Book presents comprehensive country and thematic pages with linked open data on land governance from diverse sources around the world.Landportal landbook
  • Part of the World Health Organization's website, with statistical information, health profiles, WHO collaboration,  mortality and burden of disease, nutrition and risk factors. UN World Health Organization
  • UNFPA works in more than 150 countries and territories that are home to the vast majority of the world’s people. Its mission: to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled. This website provides data on population, pregnancy, birth, health and more.UN Population Fund
  • The Global Health Observatory theme pages provide data and analyses on global health priorities. Each theme page provides information on global situation and trends highlights, using core indicators, database views, major publications and links to relevant web pages on the theme.WHO Global Health Observatory

Climate, environment, energy and resources

  • Faces of Energy is an interactive data visualization that maps stakeholder engagement on gender equality, social inclusion and women’s empowerment at the intersection of sustainable energy and climate change agendas.Faces of Energy
  • The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organisation that supports countries in their transition to a sustainable energy future, and serves as the principal platform for international cooperation, a centre of excellence, and a repository of policy, technology, resource and financial knowledge on renewable energy. IRENA promotes the widespread adoption and sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy, including bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, ocean, solar and wind energy in the pursuit of sustainable development, energy access, energy security and low-carbon economic growth and prosperity.International Renewable Energy Agency
  • The Issues Monitor is the World Energy Council’s global annual survey of energy leaders. It presents insight into the energy transition’s progress, key critical uncertainties and issues for action over the last 10 years. World Energy Issues Monitor
  • The Africa Energy Portal (AEP) is a one-stop-shop for energy sector news, insights, data and more. Launched in November 2018, the AEP focuses exclusively on Africa, serving as a repository for accurate and relevant information and data across the energy value chain. Africa Energy Portal
  • The African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA), in cooperation with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), have developed an ATLAS OF AFRICA ENERGY RESOURCES to graphically illustrate where the resources are, where the potential for expansion occurs and what the possible impacts on the environment could be. It provides visual information on the challenges and opportunities to providing Africa’s population with access to reliable, a fordable and modern energy services. Atlas of Africa Energy Resources
  • Publications, blogs, data visualizations, graphs and maps by the World Resources Institute.World Resources Institute
  • The USGS annual reviews from the 'Minerals Yearbook Volume III: Area Reports-International-Africa and the Middle East' are designed to provide timely statistical data on mineral commodities in various countries. Each report includes sections on government policies and programs, environmental issues, trade and production data, industry structure and ownership, commodity sector developments, infrastructure, and a summary outlook.US Geological Survey Minerals Information
  • Resource Watch features hundreds of data sets all in one place on the state of the planet’s resources and citizens. Users can visualize challenges facing people and the planet, from climate change to poverty, water risk to state instability, air pollution to human migration, and more.Resource Watch
  • Launched at the G8 Gleneagles Summit in 2005, the role of the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA) is to help improve the lives and economic well-being of millions of Africa’s people through encouraging, supporting and promoting increased investment in infrastructure in Africa, from both public and private sources. With a focus on regional programmes and initiatives, the ICA helps to facilitate infrastructure development in the water, transport, energy and ICT sectors. Infrastructure Consortium for Africa
  • The Joint Oil Data Exercise (JODI) oil and gas databases provide transparancy in oil and gas market data.JODI Oil and Gas database

Other data and statistics

  • The ICT Development Index provides data on (broadband) internet and mobile use, internet connections, number of households with a PC, and more. Provided by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU). Information is available for most African countries.ICT Development Index
  • The UN Evidence and Data for Gender Equality (EDGE) project is a joint initiative of the United Nations Statistics Division and UN Women that seeks to improve the integration of gender issues into the regular production of official statistics for better, evidence-based policies. Select a country to see statistics for a minimum set of gender indicators.UN EDGE Gender Statistics
  • The United Nations Statistics Division collects, compiles and disseminates official demographic and social statistics on a wide range of topics. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. The Demographic Yearbook disseminates statistics on population size and composition, births, deaths, marriage and divorce, as well as respective rates, on an annual basis. The Demographic Yearbook census datasets cover a wide range of additional topics including economic activity, educational attainment, household characteristics, housing characteristics, ethnicity, language, foreign-born and foreign population.UN Population Censuses' Datasets
  • DataReportal is designed to help people and organisations all over the world to find the data, insights, and trends they need to make more informed decisions. Datareportal Global Digital Insights
  • The database currently contains data about UNHCR's populations of concern from the year 1951 up to 2017 and you can use it to investigate different aspects of these populations: their general composition by location of residence or origin, their status (refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, etc.), their evolution over time, and so on.UNHCR Population Statistics
  • The Population Reference Bureau (USA) analyzes demographic data and research to provide objective, accurate, and up-to-date population information in accessible formats.Population Reference Bureau Intl. data
  • Data dashboards on Economy, Energy, Demographics etc. for the COMESA member countries.COMESA Data Dashboards
  • The use of public-private partnerships to design, build and deliver infrastructure worldwide has grown significantly in the past decade. Yet the availability of reliable information to help governments and advisors design and deliver projects well, has lagged behind. The PPP Knowledge Lab brings together the most relevant and authoritative resources on public-private partnerships in one location to empower governments and their advisors to design and deliver best in class infrastructure projects. Public-Private Infrastructure Partnerships
  • UNCTADSTAT country profiles are selections of key economic statistics by country. They include a wide range of internationally comparable indicators allowing users to compare statistics across countries. The maritime profiles provide a basic snapshot of a country's situation regarding maritime transport and international trade, facilitating convenient cross-country comparisons.UNCTAD statistics maritime profiles
  • The Global Infrastructure Hub aims at connecting the global infrastructure community and sharing insights to facilitate delivery of G20 members’ economic, social and environmental outcomes through more and better infrastructure. The GI Hub works with public and private sectors globally to increase the flow and quality of infrastructure projects around the world. We share data, knowledge and leading practices, and help the public and private sectors work more closely to deliver crucial public infrastructure projects.Infrastructure Knowledge Exchange

Publications

  • Google Scholar provides a search of scholarly literature across many disciplines and sources, including theses, books, abstracts and articles. Not all content found in Scholar is free. The link offered here is restricted to search terms in the title.Google Scholar
  • NARCIS is the main national portal in the Netherlands for those looking for information about researchers and their work. NARCIS provides access to scientific information, including (open access) publications from the repositories of all the Dutch universities, KNAW, NWO and a number of research institutes, datasets from some data archives as well as descriptions of research projects, researchers and research institutes.NARCIS Academic Information System
  • African Journals Online (AJOL) is a collection of over 380 peer-reviewed, African-published scholarly journals. AJOL provides access to citations, and where available to abstracts and/or full-text. The link provided here is a Google site search. You may also browse the journals by category or country, or browse only Open Access titles.African Journals Online
  • IDEAS is the largest bibliographic database dedicated to Economics and available freely on the Internet. Based on RePEc, it indexes over 2,600,000 items of research, including over 2,400,000 that can be downloaded in full text.IDEAS Economics database
  • The FAO Corporate Document RepositoryOpens external houses FAO documents and publications, as well as selected non-FAO publications, in electronic format. It includes publications dealing with food, food security, agriculture, aquaculture, forestry, and rural development. Please add search terms yourself (for example country name).FAO Documents
  • BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine) is one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic web resources. BASE provides more than 140 million documents from more than 6,000 sources. You can access the full texts of about 60% of the indexed documents for free (Open Access). BASE is operated by Bielefeld University Library. The links in this portal for each country are queries for open access documents.Bielefeld Academic Search Engine
  • OECD iLibrary is the online library of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) featuring its books, papers and statistics and is the gateway to OECD’s analysis and data. It replaced SourceOECD in July 2010. OECD iLibrary also contains content published by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the OECD Development Centre, PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), and the International Transport Forum (ITF). OECD iLibrary
  • DART-Europe is a partnership of research libraries and library consortia who are working together to improve global access to European research theses. DART-Europe is endorsed by LIBER (Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche), and it is the European Working Group of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD).DART-Europe E-theses Portal
  • The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ASKIA (Access to Scientific Knowledge In Africa) database provides access to many (scientific) publications. You can search for a country name, and limit the results to the availability of full-text.UNECA Access to Scientific Knowledge in Africa
  • The Dag Hammarskjöld Library provides research and information to support the work of United Nations Member States. As an integral part of the UN Organization, the Library also aids in the dissemination of UN information to a wider public audience through online services, and a global depository library network.UN Dag Hammerskjöld Library

Education

  • The AAU (Association of African Universities) TV is your one stop place for all information on Higher Education in Africa. We bring you news spanning the continent and beyond as well as intriguing discussions and interviews on the AAU Talks. We also give you an insight into the wonderful universities in Africa as well as some documentaries.AAU TV Talks and Documentaries
  • The UINESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) Global Education Database provides internationally comparable data on all levels of education for more than 200 countries and territories.UIS Global Education Database
  • The International Bibliographic Database on Higher Education (HEDBIB) is a unique resource of references and publications on higher education systems, administration, planning, policy and evaluation from around the world. Links to electronic publications are provided where freely available. New higher education publications are identified by the IAU Information Centre monitoring team. Bibliographic Database on Higher Education
  • The UNESCO World Inequality Database on Education (WIDE) brings together data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), other national household surveys and learning assessments from over 160 countries. Users can compare education outcomes between countries, and between groups within countries, according to factors that are associated with inequality, including wealth, gender, and ethnicity and location. Users can also create maps, charts, infographics and tables from the data, and download, print or share them online.World Inequality Database on Education
  • UNESCO website dedicated to education in Africa, with blogs, links to databases, information on SDG4.UNESCO Education in Africa
  • University World News is the first high-quality truly international newspaper and website, dedicated to providing such coverage. Supported by some of the world’s most experienced education journalists, and aimed at higher education readers worldwide, it is offering a weekly emailed newspaper plus access to a dedicated news website – free of charge. University World News comprises a network of some five dozen education journalists based in more than two dozen countries, with representation in all regions. Our journalists are respected senior reporters who have been prolifically published in international and national newspapers and magazines. University World News
  • Museums in Africa on Wikipedia.Museums in Africa (Wiki)

Movies and images

  • TED is a nonprofit devoted to spreading ideas, usually in the form of short, powerful talks (18 minutes or less). TED began in 1984 as a conference where Technology, Entertainment and Design converged, and today covers almost all topics — from science to business to global issues — in more than 100 languages. Meanwhile, independently run TEDx events help share ideas in communities around the world.TED Talks
  • The cultural goods depicted in the PDF documents are inventoried objects within the collections of recognised institutions. They serve to illustrate the categories of cultural goods most vulnerable to illicit traffic. Cultural Goods Red Lists

News about Libya

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06/02/2020 - 11:00
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A new study shows that 60% of the world’s wars have lasted for at...

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A new study shows that 60% of the world’s wars have lasted for at...

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