Libya

Flag of LibyaLibya (Arabic: ‏ليبيا‎ Lībyā, Berber: Libya), officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the 17th largest country in the world.

From Wikipedia

General information

  • Provides detailed information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, defence, and transnational issues of different countries. CIA World Factbook
  • Country profiles of all the countries in the world.BBC country profile
  • The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia. It is written by about 100 full-time editors and more than 4,000 contributors, who have included 110 Nobel Prize winners and five American presidents.Encyclopedia Brittanica
  • IndexMundi contains detailed country statistics, charts, and maps compiled from multiple sources.IndexMundi
  • Articles on Wikipedia about the demographics of African countries.Demographics (Wiki)
  • The Maghreb, historically known as the Barbary Coast or Barbary States (derived from Berber), is usually defined as much or most of the region of western North Africa or Northwest Africa, west of Egypt. The region includes Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Mauritania.Maghreb region (Wiki)
  • North Africa is a group of Mediterranean countries situated in the northern-most region of the African continent. The term "North Africa" has no single accepted definition. The most commonly accepted definition includes Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, as well as Libya, Sudan, and Egypt. The term “North Africa”, when commonly used in North Africa and the Middle East, often refers only to the countries of the Maghreb and Libya. Egypt, due to its greater Middle Eastern associations, is in the Middle East. North(ern) Africa region (Wiki)
  • This collection contains the electronic versions of 80 books previously published in hard copy as part of the Country Studies Series by the Federal Research Division. Intended for a general audience, books in the series present a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of select countries throughout the world.Library of Congress Country Study
  • The EEAS is the European Union's diplomatic service. It helps the EU's foreign affairs chief – the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy – carry out the Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy.EU Delegation
  • Representation of (tentative) African heritage sites on the World Heritage List which is maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).UNESCO World Heritage List

Government, law, politics and elections

  • Information about the former Libyan national legislature, the 2012 elections, the current government, political parties and references and links to the official government website (in Arabic).General National Congress (Wiki)
  • The Constitute Project offers access to the world’s constitutions.World's constitutions
  • The Zárate's Political Collections (ZPC) is a site devoted to collect dates and figures of the worldwide leadership on a country basis.Zarate World Political Leaders
  • This regularly updated website has a global collection of voter turnout statistics for presidential and parliamentary elections since 1945. International IDEA: Voter Turnout
  • ElectionGuide is provided by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), an international nonprofit dedicated to strengthening electoral democracy. Launched in 1998 through a grant from USAID and currently funded by the same, ElectionGuide is the most comprehensive and timely source of verified election information available online.IFES Election Guide
  • PARLINE is the IPU's database on national parliaments. It contains authoritative information on the structure and working methods of every national parliament.IPU PARLINE Parliament database
  • Provides access to African constitutions and laws and treaties on intellectual property (IP). WIPO Lex law database
  • Congress established its Law Library in 1832, recognizing its need for ready access to reliable legal materials. The Law Library has grown over the years to become the world’s largest law library, with a collection of over 2.65 million volumes spanning the ages and covering virtually every jurisdiction in the world.Library of Congress Guide to Law Online
  • The African Law Library powered by the African Innovaiton Foundation (AIF), aims to enhance the legal environment of business in Africa by bringing legal information into one publicly available repository.African Law Library
  • The African Legal Information Institute (AfricanLII) is a project of the Democratic Governance and Rights Unit (DGRU) at the Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town. It was incubated at the Southern Africa Litigation Center (SALC). AfricanLII's main goal is to promote Free Access to Law and Open Justice in Africa. AfricanLii access to law

Crisis, conflict, peacebuilding and security

  • UNHCR’s Global Focus provides an overview of the protection risks that refugees and other populations of concern to UNHCR face across the world, as well as regularly updated information about the organization’s programmes, operations, financial requirements, funding levels and donor contributions. UNHCR operational reports and statistics
  • UN Reliefweb offers overviews, news, analysis and maps on crises and disasters.UN Reliefweb
  • IRIN delivers unique, authoritative and independent reporting from the frontlines of crises to inspire and produce a more effective humanitarian response.IRIN News
  • The International Crisis Group is an independent organisation working to prevent wars and shape policies that will build a more peaceful world.International Crisis Group
  • The Global Observatory provides timely analysis on peace and security issues by experts, journalists, and policymakers. It is published by the International Peace Institute. The views expressed here represent those of the contributors and not IPI.IPI Global Observatory
  • The Africa Center is a U.S. Department of Defense institution established and funded by Congress for the study of security issues relating to Africa and serving as a forum for bilateral and multilateral research, communication, training, and exchange of ideas involving military and civilian participants. Its mission is to advance African security by expanding understanding, providing a trusted platform for dialogue, building enduring partnerships, and catalyzing strategic solutions.Africa Center for Strategic Studies
  • This index (formerly the Failed States Index), created by The Fund for Peace and published by Foreign Policy, has put countries into perspective by providing an annual snapshot of their vitality and stability (or lack thereof) and ranking them accordingly.Fragile States Index
  • IDMC is the leading source of information and analysis on internal displacement.Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
  • Maps and ground breaking peace research from the Institute for Economics and Peace. Global Peace Index
  • This site has information provided by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program at Uppsala University on armed conflicts around the world.Uppsala conflict database

Human rights

  • Provides news and publications about human rights wordwide.Amnesty International
  • Contains country-specific background briefings, commentaries, country reports, and press releases published by Human Rights Watch and others.Human Rights Watch
  • The sources, part of the database Refwold, cover the human rights situation in a particular country of origin. Country information - human rights
  • The University of Pretoria’s Centre for Human Rights database has documents on national legislation (Constitution) and reports from the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights as well as UN documents. African Human Rights Document database
  • Founded by four journalists in the southern French city Montpellier in 1985, RSF is now one of the world’s leading NGOs in the defense and promotion of freedom of information.Reporters Without Borders
  • FIDH (International Federation for Human Rights) is an international human rights NGO federating 184 organisations from 112 countries. Since 1922, FIDH has been defending all civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights as set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.International Federation for Human Rights
  • Global Witness is an independent, investigative NGO, campaigning to end environmental and human rights abuses, driven by the exploitation of natural resources and corruption in the global political and economic system.Global Witness
  • The African Freedom of Expression Exchange (AFEX) is a continental network made up of some of the most influential media rights and freedom of expression organisations across the West, East, Central and Southern Africa regions.African Freedom of Expression Exchange
  • The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is the principal United Nations office mandated to promote and protect human rights for all.UN OHCHR Human Rights
  • ​The International Criminal Court (ICC) investigates and, where warranted, tries individuals charged with the gravest crimes of concern to the international community: genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. The ICC website offers information on preliminary examinations, cases, and current situations under investigation. International Criminal Court

Economy

  • Part of the World Bank's website, with information, analysis and reports on its projects and strategic plans. World Bank country information
  • Offers free access to more than 2000 financial, business, health, economic and human development statistics.World Bank statistical data
  • Offers comprehensive, comparable data and analysis of 53 African economies. African Economic Outlook
  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization of 189 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.International Monetary Fund
  • GlobalEDGE is a source for statistical data for nearly every country in the world. GlobalEDGE is developed by the Michigan State University International Business Centre.GlobalEDGE business news and data
  • The World Trade Organisation RTA database provides information about participation in Regional Trade Agreements.Regional Trade Agreements
  • World Trade Organization statistical trade profiles. WTO Trade profiles
  • UNCTADSTAT country profiles are selections of key economic statistics by country. They include a wide range of internationally comparable indicators allowing users to compare statistics across countries. The general profiles provide a basic snapshot of a country's economic and financial situation, facilitating convenient cross-country comparisons. UN Conference on Trade and Development
  • European Union trade partnerships with African countries and regions.EU Trade partnerships
  • The only tripartite U.N. agency, since 1919 the International Labour Organization (ILO) brings together governments, employers and workers representatives of 187 member States , to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men.UN International Labour Organization

Development

  • UNDP works in nearly 170 countries and territories, helping to achieve the eradication of poverty, and the reduction of inequalities and exclusion. We help countries to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities and build resilience in order to sustain development results.UN Development Programme
  • Open.undp.org presents detailed information on the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) local and regional projects.UNDP Projects
  • Provide broad mesures of well-being for countries in de UN system and published annually by the United Nations Development Programme.The indicators are health, education, income/command over resources, inequalty, gender, poverty, employment and vulnerability, human security, trade and financial flows, mobility and communication, environment, demography.International human development indicators
  • Eldis supports free and open access to useful and relevant research on global development challenges.Eldis country profiles
  • The Development Data Hub is the most comprehensive online resource for financial and resource flow data alongside poverty, social and vulnerability indicators. It combines an extensive data store with interactive visualisations enabling you to chart, map and compare data at the global, national and local level.Development Data Hub
  • In-depth reports by the German Bertelsmann Stiftung on countries’ political and economic development.Transformation: Country Reports
  • The overarching objective of the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group is to spur sustainable economic development and social progress in its regional member countries (RMCs), thus contributing to poverty reduction.African Development Bank Group
  • Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts – to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. An intergovernmental organization, FAO has 194 Member Nations, two associate members and one member organization, the European Union. FAO Country profiles
  • The European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) is an independent ‘think and do tank’ working on international cooperation and development policy in Europe and Africa. The ECDPM website allows searching webpages, publications, blogs, events and people by keywords. You may also want to have a look at the ECDPM dossiers: http://ecdpm.org/dossiers/ECDPM Centre for Dev. Policy Management
  • The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is the specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability. UNIDO maintains a variety of databases comprising statistics of overall industrial growth, detailed data on business structure and statistics on major indicators of industrial performance by country in the historical time series. UN Industrial Development Organization data

Other data and statistics

  • Provides statistics, estimates and projections produced by countries and compiled by the United Nations data system on agriculture, crime, education, energy, industry, labour, national accounts, population and tourism. United Nations Data
  • Provides a compilation of data with maps and graphs from the CIA World Factbook, the UN and the OECD. NationMaster
  • The 'Google for data', providing statistical data in graphs, tables and charts. Zanran data and statistics
  • World Population Review's goal is to make this data more accessible through graphs, charts, analysis and visualizations.World Population Review
  • Statistical information from the UN Food and Agricultural Organization.FAOSTAT Country indicators
  • Offers statistical data such as balances, indicators, coal, oil,  natural gas, renewables, electricity, heat.International Energy Agency statistical data
  • The Africa Information Highway (AIH) was developed by the Statistics Department of AfDB as part of the Bank’s statistical capacity building program (SCB) in Africa. AIH is a mega network of live open data platforms (ODPs) electronically linking all African countries and 16 regional organizations.AFDB Africa Information Highway
  • Gives access to a wide range of development data on Africa in African Development Bank Group's data portals as well as from other regional and international partners. The platform also facilitates the collection, analysis, and sharing of data on topics such as food security, gender equality, and climate change.Open Data for Africa
  • Offers access to a repository of open data on the African continent and maintained by Code for Africa as a public service.openAFRICA datasets
  • The World Energy Council provides impartial and objective data sets about energy to inform the energy debate and support sustainable business decisions and policymaking.World Energy Council data

Internet resources

  • Compiled by the University Library of Johann Christian Senckenberg in Frankfurt on the Main and the GIGA Information Centre: Africa Library in Hamburg. Has a database of Internet resources with more than 4900 websites on Sub-Saharan Africa. ilissAfrica internet resources
  • Links to freely available Africa-related material provided by the Nordic Africa Institute. NAI Guide to Africa on the Internet

Publications

  • Lists all publications on a specific country in the library catalogue of the African Studies Centre (ASC) in Leiden. ASCL publications
  • Provides (free) documents on a specific country in the library catalogue of the African Studies Centre in Leiden (ASCL). Electronic documents via the ASCL
  • Provides (free) electronic documents on a specific country via Connecting-Africa, the gateway to Africana materials in repositories. Electronic documents via Connecting-Africa
  • Covers Africana periodical literature on a specific country. Bibliographic records in AfricaBib
  • Offers access to full-text publications via the Internet portal ilissAfrica. ilissAfrica full-text publications
  • JSTOR Open Content provides thousands of free journal articles and open access book chapters.JSTOR Open Content
  • The World Bank Group Open Knowledge Repository, or OKR, is your source for development publications and research. Download more than 4000 research documents on Sub-Saharan Africa, including books and flagship reports on poverty, employment and economic growth. World Bank Group Open Knowledge Repository
  • The OAPEN Foundation is a not-for-profit organisation based in the Netherlands, with its registered office at the National Library in The Hague. OAPEN is dedicated to open access, peer-reviewed books.OAPEN Open Access
  • Google Scholar provides a search of scholarly literature across many disciplines and sources, including theses, books, abstracts and articles. Not all content found in Scholar is free. The link offered here is restricted to search terms in the title.Google Scholar
  • Directory of Open Access Journals - DOAJOpens external covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. The link provided here gives results restricted to Social Sciences.Directory of Open Access Journals

Experts

  • Provides access to ASC staff with country-specific knowledge. Experts at the ASC Leiden
  • Provides access to the African Studies Centre Leiden (ASCL) community network of (international) Africa experts. ASCL Community members
  • Provides access to 1350 Africa experts in Connecting-Africa. Experts in Connecting Africa
  • Africa Past and Present is a podcast about history, culture, and politics in Africa and the diaspora. The show highlights interesting and significant people, ideas, and discussions in African Studies from a wide range of disciplines and perspectives. An African Online Digital Library (AODL) project (Michigan State University (MSU)).Africa Past and Present Podcasts
  • Is a media file repository that offers public-domain and freely licensed educational media content (images, sound and video clips). Country maps on Wikimedia Commons
  • Provides access to the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection and includes a collection of online CIA and historical maps. Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection
  • The Herskovits Library of African Studies (US Northwestern University) 16th- Early 20th Century Maps of Africa collection contains digital copies of 113 antique maps of Africa and accompanying text.16th- Early 20th Century Maps of Africa
  • Selected by readers, these maps represent areas of special European interest in Africa during the 19th and 20th century. Many of these regions came under direct British control during the Victorian era for the strategic or economic advantages they offered, and became independent in the 20th century. The maps are almost entirely topographical, prepared by the (British) War Office, colonial surveys, and other official mapping authorities. British Library Online Gallery - Maps of Africa
  • A geomap showing all UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa.African World Heritage Fund Geomap
  • Princeton University historic maps of Africa, part of the 2014 exhibition "To the Mountains of the Moon: Mapping African Exploration, 1541-1880".Evolution of the Map of Africa
  • The Maps of Africa Collection holds over 859 maps at the David Rumsey Map Center, all of which are searchable and viewable through Stanford’s Catalog.Stanford David Rumsey Map Center
  • An overview of Africa maps, by Columbia University Libraries, African Studies resources.Columbia University maps overview
  • This map gives a year-by-year presentation of selected themes in the history of Africa between 1879 and 2002. Flash is required.Animated Atlas of African History

Libraries and archives

  • Offers information about libraries and museums in Libya. Libya’s libraries and museums
  • The British Library Endangered Archives Programme's aim is to contribute to the preservation of archival material that is in danger of destruction, neglect or physical deterioration world-wide. British Library Endangered Archives Programme
  • Online archive on diplomatic history, regional security issues, and nuclear history.Wilson Center Digital Archive
  • Slave Biographies: The Atlantic Database Network is an open access data repository of information on the identities of enslaved people in the Atlantic World. It includes the names, ethnicities, skills, occupations, and illnesses of individual slaves.Slave Biographies databases
  • The African Activist Archive Project is building an online archive of primary materials - documents, photographs, artifacts, and written and oral memories - of 50 years of activist organizing in the United States in solidarity with African struggles against colonialism, apartheid, and injustice. An African Online Digital Library (AODL) / Michigan State University (MSU) website.African Activist Archive

Movies and images

  • Lists more than 1300 films/documentaries on a specific country in the library catalogue of the African Studies Centre (ASC) in Leiden. African films at the ASCL
  • IMDb is the world’s most popular and authoritative source for movie, TV and celebrity content. The IMDb consumer site (www.imdb.com) is the #1 movie website in the world with a combined web and mobile audience of more than 250 million unique monthly visitors. IMDb 'movies by country' offers lists and other information about titles produced or co-produced by that country.International Movie Database
  • Documentaries and other video on Vimeo.Vimeo documentaries
  • The Library of Congress prints & photographs online catalog.Library of Congress Prints & Photographs
  • The historical images (ca.1860-ca.1960) in the International Mission Photography Archive come from Protestant and Catholic missionary collections held at a number of centers in Britain, Europe, and North America. The photographs record missionary endeavors and reflect the missionaries’ experience of communities and environments abroad. International Mission Photography Archive
  • Africa Focus brings together, in digital form, two categories of primary and secondary resources: research and teaching materials collected by University of Wisconsin faculty and staff; and unique or valuable items related to these fields held by the University of Wisconsin Libraries. This collection contains more than 3000 slides, 500 photographs, and 50 hours of sounds from forty-five different countries.University of Wisconsin Africa Focus
  • The African Media Program (AMP) offers an online, comprehensive database of films, videos, and other audio-visual materials concerning Africa as well as education services about African media. The AMP is a project from Michigan State University's (MSU) African Studies Center, a Title VI National Resource Center in African Languages and Area Studies.The African Media Program
  • The cultural goods depicted in the PDF documents are inventoried objects within the collections of recognised institutions. They serve to illustrate the categories of cultural goods most vulnerable to illicit traffic. Cultural Goods Red Lists

Music

News media

  • 'Africa Confidential is one of the longest-established specialist publications on Africa, with a considerable reputation for being first with in-depth news and analysis on significant political, economic and security developments across the continent.'Africa Confidential
  • Pan-African news site in French and English.Afrik.com
  • Pan-African news site in French.Jeune Afrique
  • African Arguments is a pan-African platform for news, investigation and opinion.African Arguments
  • All Africa is an important provider of news from and about Africa. All Africa aggregates and distributes news from many African and international news sources and media.All Africa
  • Thomson Reuters is a leading news and information provider. Their philantropic arm is the Thomson Reuters Foundation (http://www.trust.org), providing humanitarian news.Reuters Africa
  • The Economist prodives world news, news on politics, economics, business & financeThe Economist
  • Noovell is a global news website which aggregates news stories on current affairs and politics from more than 5,000 news sources worldwide in English, French and Spanish. Noovell presents a mix of articles from both domestic and international news sources for all the countries and regions covered. Noovell global news

News about Libya

Showing 28 headlines from the past two days
12/18/2018 - 18:36
MOSCOW, Dec 18 (Reuters) - Urals crude differentials in northwest...
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12/18/2018 - 17:40
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12/18/2018 - 14:26
[Tunis Afrique Presse] Sidi Bouzid/Tunisia -A three day-...
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12/18/2018 - 10:28
Source: International Organization for Migration Country: World...
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12/18/2018 - 10:06
[The Herald] An adopted son of the late Libyan leader Colonel Muammar...
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12/18/2018 - 10:06
[The Herald] An adopted son of the late Libyan leader Colonel Muammar...
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12/18/2018 - 09:55
The father of a dying child on Monday made a passionate appeal to...
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12/18/2018 - 08:00
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12/18/2018 - 00:47
CAIRO, Dec 18 (Reuters) - Libya's National Oil Company (NOC) has...
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12/17/2018 - 23:44
CAIRO, Dec 18 (Reuters) - Libya’s National Oil Company (NOC) declared...
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12/17/2018 - 19:08
MOSCOW, Dec 17 (Reuters) - Urals crude differentials in northwest...
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12/17/2018 - 14:15
EDINBURGH, Dec 17 (Reuters) - Memorial services in the Scottish town...
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12/17/2018 - 11:33
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