Eritrea

Flag of Eritrea Eritrea (/ˌɛrɨˈtreɪ.ə/ or /ˌɛrɨˈtriːə/; Ge'ez: ኤርትራ ʾErtrā ; Arabic: إرتريا‎ Iritriyā), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is the Italian form of the Greek name Ἐρυθραίᾱ (Erythraíā ), meaning "red [land]". With its capital at Asmara, it is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.

From Wikipedia

General information

  • Representation of (tentative) African heritage sites on the World Heritage List which is maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).UNESCO World Heritage List
  • The African Union (AU) was founded in 1999 with the goal of accelerating the process of integration in the continent, to enable it play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation. African Union member
  • ecoi.net, the country of origin information system of the Austrian Red Cross’ department ACCORD, aims at contributing to fair and efficient refugee status determination procedures by securing easy and fast access to high-quality and up-to-date country of origin information (COI) for all actors involved in asylum cases.ACCORD country of origin information

Government, law, politics and elections

  • FAOLEX is a database of national legislation, policies and bilateral agreements on food, agriculture and natural resources management. The FAO Legal Office also collaborates with other FAO and non-FAO initiatives by facilitating the integration of FAOLEX data into separate platforms or by the systematic exchange and linking of information.FAOLEX associated databases
  • The Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa (ICLA) is a research institute located in the Faculty of Law of the University of Pretoria. The ICLA was established at the beginning of 2011. Drawing on the extensive networks that the Faculty has established over many years in Africa and beyond, the objective of the ICLA is to become a first port of call for those who wish to engage in legal research and legal reform in Africa involving comparative or international law at the advanced level. ICLA offers country reports in PDF format. Institute for Intl. and Comparative Law in Africa
  • A directory of embassies worldwide.Embassy Worldwide
  • The African Legal Information Institute (AfricanLII) is a project of the Democratic Governance and Rights Unit (DGRU) at the Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town. It was incubated at the Southern Africa Litigation Center (SALC). AfricanLII's main goal is to promote Free Access to Law and Open Justice in Africa. AfricanLii access to law
  • The World Legal Information Institute (WorldLII) is a free, independent and non-profit global legal research facility. WorldLII provides a single search facility for databases; the WorldLII Catalog provides links to over 15,000 law-related web sites in every country in the world. WorldLii legal information
  • UN ILO Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation.Intl. Labour Organization NATLEX database

Crisis, conflict, security

  • The Mapping Arms Data (MAD) 1992-2014 visualization project is produced by PRIO and the Igarapé Institute. It represents an upgrade of the original global small arms, light weapons and ammunition visualization produced by Google as part of the Google Ideas INFO (Illicit Networks Forces in Opposition) Summit with support from the Igarapé Institute.Arms Data Mapping
  • The UN Register of Conventional Arms (UNROCA) offers data about arms trade as reported by 170 countries. UN Register of Conventional Arms data
  • Genocide Watch exists to predict, prevent, stop, and punish genocide and other forms of mass murder. Our purpose is to build an international movement to prevent and stop genocide.Genocide Watch map
  • The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an independent, nonpartisan membership organization, think tank, and publisher dedicated to being a resource for its members, government officials, business executives, journalists, educators and students, civic and religious leaders, and other interested citizens in order to help them better understand the world and the foreign policy choices facing the United States and other countries. Council on Foreign Relations
  • This index (formerly the Failed States Index), created by The Fund for Peace, has put countries into perspective by providing an annual snapshot of their vitality and stability (or lack thereof) and ranking them accordingly.Fragile States Index
  • The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) is an African non-profit organisation with offices in South Africa, Kenya, Ethiopia and Senegal. It partners to build knowledge and skills that secure Africa’s future. It's goal is to enhance human security as a means to achieve sustainable peace and prosperity. The topics ISS covers through research, policy advice and training are listed here, alongside the regions making up the continent. Select one or more topic and region to access results of our work that interest you.Institute for Security Studies
  • Security Council Report’s mission is to advance the transparency and effectiveness of the UN Security Council. Security Council Report
  • The Global Observatory provides timely analysis on peace and security issues by experts, journalists, and policymakers. It is published by the International Peace Institute. The views expressed here represent those of the contributors and not IPI.IPI Global Observatory
  • Stratfor is a geopolitical intelligence platform that brings global events into valuable perspective. Worldview is the primary source for Stratfor’s published geopolitical analyses and forecasting. Stratfor Worldview
  • The Africa Center is a U.S. Department of Defense institution established and funded by Congress for the study of security issues relating to Africa and serving as a forum for bilateral and multilateral research, communication, training, and exchange of ideas involving military and civilian participants. Its mission is to advance African security by expanding understanding, providing a trusted platform for dialogue, building enduring partnerships, and catalyzing strategic solutions.Africa Center for Strategic Studies

Human rights

  • Freedom House is an independent watchdog organization dedicated to the expansion of freedom and democracy around the world.Freedom House 2018 report
  • Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.Equaldex LGBT Rights
  • From villages in rural India to the corridors of power in Brussels, Transparency International gives voice to the victims and witnesses of corruption. We work together with governments, businesses and citizens to stop the abuse of power, bribery and secret deals.Transparency International

Economy

  • The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with twenty member states stretching from Libya to Swaziland. COMESA was formed in December 1994, replacing a Preferential Trade Area which had existed since 1981.Common Market for East and Southern Africa
  • The legal currency used in this country (Wikipedia).National currency (Wiki)
  • The Central Bank of this country.National Central Bank
  • The Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI) is an intergovernmental organisation that provides a platform for peer learning and exchange for African ministries of finance, budget and planning. The Budgets in Africa section provides up-to-date and regular information on African national budgets. Here you will be able to access publicly available budget documentation for African countries, since 2010.Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative
  • The Observatory of Economic Complexity is a tool that allows users to quickly compose a visual narrative about countries and the products they exchange. It was Alexander Simoes' Master Thesis in Media Arts and Sciences at the MIT Media Lab.Observatory of Economic Complexity

Development

  • IGAD was created in 1996 to supersede the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD), which was founded in 1986. IGAD's vision is to be the premier regional organization for achieving peace, prosperity and regional integration in the IGAD region. Its mission is to assist and complement the efforts of the Member States through increased cooperation to achieve: Food security and environmental protection; Promotion and maintenance of peace and security and humanitarian affairs; and Economic cooperation and integration.Intergovernmental Authority on Development
  • The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is a leading independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues. ODI works with partners in the public and private sectors, in both developing and developed countries. You may also want to use the website search function, or see: https://www.odi.org/our-work/sub-saharan-africa.Overseas Development Institute
  • Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs, is an independent policy institute based in London. Chatham House
  • The Indices of Social Development (ISD) hosted by ISS brings together 200 indicators, synthesising them into a usable set of measures to track how different societies perform along six dimensions of social development (data available for download as .slx, .csv, or .odf)ISS Indices of Social Development
  • The Brookings Institution is a nonprofit public policy organization based in Washington, DC. Our mission is to conduct in-depth research that leads to new ideas for solving problems facing society at the local, national and global level. Brookings brings together more than 300 leading experts in government and academia from all over the world who provide the highest quality research, policy recommendations, and analysis on a full range of public policy issues. The research agenda and recommendations of Brookings’s experts are rooted in open-minded inquiry and our 300+ scholars represent diverse points of view. Research topics cover foreign policy, economics, development, governance and metropolitan policy. Brookings Institution
  • SciDev.Net is the world’s leading source of reliable and authoritative news, views and analysis about science and technology for global development. Our Mission is to use independent journalism to help individuals and organisations apply science to decision-making in order to drive equitable, sustainable development and poverty reduction. SciDev.Net is part of CAB International (CABI) - a not-for-profit organisation that improves people’s lives worldwide by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment.SciDev.net
  • Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs, is an independent policy institute based in London. Its mission is to help build a sustainably secure, prosperous and just world. Chatham House carries out independent and rigorous analysis of critical global, regional and country-specific challenges and opportunities. UK Royal Institute of International Affairs
  • International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) is a global initiative to improve the transparency of development and humanitarian resources and their results to address poverty and crises.International Aid Transparency Initiative
  • At this transparency portal you can find every development cooperation activity supported by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 2010. The portal enables you to find the activities in specific countries or regions, in sectors or by receiver organisation. This platform extracts the raw IATI data published by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs from the IATI registry, and presents it in an easy-to-use web interface. It does not alter or interpret the data in any way.Dutch Foreign Affairs open aid data
  • The Commission's Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO) is responsible for designing European international cooperation and development policy and delivering aid throughout the world.EC International Cooperation and Development

Sustainable Development Goals

Food, water, land and health

  • The UN Environment-DHI Centre on Water and Environment (UN Environment-DHI) is a United Nations Environment Programme centre of expertise supported by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, dedicated to improving the management, development and use of freshwater resources from the local to the global level. The IWRM Data Portal provides access to the results of the global baseline reporting on SDG indicator 6.5.1 - Degree of IWRM Implementation. It contains the global assessment results and analysis products, as well as the national submissions of the 172 reporting countries.Water Resources Management data portal
  • The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) has reported country, regional and global estimates of progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) since 1990. The JMP maintains an extensive global database and has become the leading source of comparable estimates of progress at national, regional and global levels. JMP Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
  • The FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles provide a comprehensive overview of the fisheries and aquaculture sector for each country (or areas/territories recognized by the Organization and with important fishery sector).FAO Statistics Fishery and Aquaculture
  • The Gender and Land Rights Database (GLRD) was launched by FAO in 2010 to highlight the major political, legal and cultural factors that influence the realisation of women’s land rights throughout the world. It also serves as a platform to address, discuss and provide information about gender and land issues with the support of 84 Country Profiles, Land Tenure Statistics disaggregated by gender, and a Legal Assessment Tool for gender-equitable land tenure (LAT).FAO Gender and Land Rights Database
  • Part of the World Health Organization's website, with statistical information, health profiles, WHO collaboration,  mortality and burden of disease, nutrition and risk factors. UN World Health Organization
  • UNFPA works in more than 150 countries and territories that are home to the vast majority of the world’s people. Its mission: to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled. This website provides data on population, pregnancy, birth, health and more.UN Population Fund
  • The Global Health Observatory theme pages provide data and analyses on global health priorities. Each theme page provides information on global situation and trends highlights, using core indicators, database views, major publications and links to relevant web pages on the theme.WHO Global Health Observatory
  • African Health Stats is an innovative data site that allows you to chart, map and compare key health indicators across all 55 African Union member states. All data is taken from officially-recognised international sources.African Health Stats
  • UNAIDS is leading the global effort to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030 as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.UN Aids
  • The DHS Program provides decision makers and program managers with the information necessary to plan, monitor and evaluate population, health, and nutrition programs.USAID Democratic and Health Surveys

Climate, environment, energy and resources

  • Offers statistical data such as balances, indicators, coal, oil,  natural gas, renewables, electricity, heat.International Energy Agency statistical data
  • Faces of Energy is an interactive data visualization that maps stakeholder engagement on gender equality, social inclusion and women’s empowerment at the intersection of sustainable energy and climate change agendas.Faces of Energy
  • The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organisation that supports countries in their transition to a sustainable energy future, and serves as the principal platform for international cooperation, a centre of excellence, and a repository of policy, technology, resource and financial knowledge on renewable energy. IRENA promotes the widespread adoption and sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy, including bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, ocean, solar and wind energy in the pursuit of sustainable development, energy access, energy security and low-carbon economic growth and prosperity.International Renewable Energy Agency
  • The Issues Monitor is the World Energy Council’s global annual survey of energy leaders. It presents insight into the energy transition’s progress, key critical uncertainties and issues for action over the last 10 years. World Energy Issues Monitor
  • The Africa Energy Portal (AEP) is a one-stop-shop for energy sector news, insights, data and more. Launched in November 2018, the AEP focuses exclusively on Africa, serving as a repository for accurate and relevant information and data across the energy value chain. Africa Energy Portal
  • The African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA), in cooperation with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), have developed an ATLAS OF AFRICA ENERGY RESOURCES to graphically illustrate where the resources are, where the potential for expansion occurs and what the possible impacts on the environment could be. It provides visual information on the challenges and opportunities to providing Africa’s population with access to reliable, a fordable and modern energy services. Atlas of Africa Energy Resources
  • Publications, blogs, data visualizations, graphs and maps by the World Resources Institute.World Resources Institute
  • The USGS annual reviews from the 'Minerals Yearbook Volume III: Area Reports-International-Africa and the Middle East' are designed to provide timely statistical data on mineral commodities in various countries. Each report includes sections on government policies and programs, environmental issues, trade and production data, industry structure and ownership, commodity sector developments, infrastructure, and a summary outlook.US Geological Survey Minerals Information
  • Resource Watch features hundreds of data sets all in one place on the state of the planet’s resources and citizens. Users can visualize challenges facing people and the planet, from climate change to poverty, water risk to state instability, air pollution to human migration, and more.Resource Watch
  • Launched at the G8 Gleneagles Summit in 2005, the role of the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA) is to help improve the lives and economic well-being of millions of Africa’s people through encouraging, supporting and promoting increased investment in infrastructure in Africa, from both public and private sources. With a focus on regional programmes and initiatives, the ICA helps to facilitate infrastructure development in the water, transport, energy and ICT sectors. Infrastructure Consortium for Africa

Other data and statistics

  • The United Nations Statistics Division collects, compiles and disseminates official demographic and social statistics on a wide range of topics. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. The Demographic Yearbook disseminates statistics on population size and composition, births, deaths, marriage and divorce, as well as respective rates, on an annual basis. The Demographic Yearbook census datasets cover a wide range of additional topics including economic activity, educational attainment, household characteristics, housing characteristics, ethnicity, language, foreign-born and foreign population.UN Population Censuses' Datasets
  • DataReportal is designed to help people and organisations all over the world to find the data, insights, and trends they need to make more informed decisions. Datareportal Global Digital Insights
  • The database currently contains data about UNHCR's populations of concern from the year 1951 up to 2017 and you can use it to investigate different aspects of these populations: their general composition by location of residence or origin, their status (refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, etc.), their evolution over time, and so on.UNHCR Population Statistics
  • The Population Reference Bureau (USA) analyzes demographic data and research to provide objective, accurate, and up-to-date population information in accessible formats.Population Reference Bureau Intl. data
  • Data dashboards on Economy, Energy, Demographics etc. for the COMESA member countries.COMESA Data Dashboards
  • The use of public-private partnerships to design, build and deliver infrastructure worldwide has grown significantly in the past decade. Yet the availability of reliable information to help governments and advisors design and deliver projects well, has lagged behind. The PPP Knowledge Lab brings together the most relevant and authoritative resources on public-private partnerships in one location to empower governments and their advisors to design and deliver best in class infrastructure projects. Public-Private Infrastructure Partnerships
  • The Global Infrastructure Hub aims at connecting the global infrastructure community and sharing insights to facilitate delivery of G20 members’ economic, social and environmental outcomes through more and better infrastructure. The GI Hub works with public and private sectors globally to increase the flow and quality of infrastructure projects around the world. We share data, knowledge and leading practices, and help the public and private sectors work more closely to deliver crucial public infrastructure projects.Infrastructure Knowledge Exchange
  • UNCTADSTAT country profiles are selections of key economic statistics by country. They include a wide range of internationally comparable indicators allowing users to compare statistics across countries. The maritime profiles provide a basic snapshot of a country's situation regarding maritime transport and international trade, facilitating convenient cross-country comparisons.UNCTAD statistics maritime profiles
  • The Global Slavery Index provides a map, country by country, of the estimated prevalence of modern slavery, together with information about the steps each government has taken to respond to this issue. This information allows an objective comparison and assessment of both the problem and adequacy of the response in 167 countries.Global Slavery Index
  • Internet usage statistics for every country in the world.Internet World Stats

Publications

  • Directory of Open Access Journals - DOAJOpens external covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. The link provided here gives results restricted to Social Sciences.Directory of Open Access Journals
  • NARCIS is the main national portal in the Netherlands for those looking for information about researchers and their work. NARCIS provides access to scientific information, including (open access) publications from the repositories of all the Dutch universities, KNAW, NWO and a number of research institutes, datasets from some data archives as well as descriptions of research projects, researchers and research institutes.NARCIS Academic Information System
  • African Journals Online (AJOL) is a collection of over 380 peer-reviewed, African-published scholarly journals. AJOL provides access to citations, and where available to abstracts and/or full-text. The link provided here is a Google site search. You may also browse the journals by category or country, or browse only Open Access titles.African Journals Online
  • IDEAS is the largest bibliographic database dedicated to Economics and available freely on the Internet. Based on RePEc, it indexes over 2,600,000 items of research, including over 2,400,000 that can be downloaded in full text.IDEAS Economics database
  • The FAO Corporate Document RepositoryOpens external houses FAO documents and publications, as well as selected non-FAO publications, in electronic format. It includes publications dealing with food, food security, agriculture, aquaculture, forestry, and rural development. Please add search terms yourself (for example country name).FAO Documents
  • BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine) is one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic web resources. BASE provides more than 140 million documents from more than 6,000 sources. You can access the full texts of about 60% of the indexed documents for free (Open Access). BASE is operated by Bielefeld University Library. The links in this portal for each country are queries for open access documents.Bielefeld Academic Search Engine
  • OECD iLibrary is the online library of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) featuring its books, papers and statistics and is the gateway to OECD’s analysis and data. It replaced SourceOECD in July 2010. OECD iLibrary also contains content published by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the OECD Development Centre, PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), and the International Transport Forum (ITF). OECD iLibrary
  • DART-Europe is a partnership of research libraries and library consortia who are working together to improve global access to European research theses. DART-Europe is endorsed by LIBER (Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche), and it is the European Working Group of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD).DART-Europe E-theses Portal
  • The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ASKIA (Access to Scientific Knowledge In Africa) database provides access to many (scientific) publications. You can search for a country name, and limit the results to the availability of full-text.UNECA Access to Scientific Knowledge in Africa
  • The Dag Hammarskjöld Library provides research and information to support the work of United Nations Member States. As an integral part of the UN Organization, the Library also aids in the dissemination of UN information to a wider public audience through online services, and a global depository library network.UN Dag Hammerskjöld Library

Education

  • The AAU (Association of African Universities) TV is your one stop place for all information on Higher Education in Africa. We bring you news spanning the continent and beyond as well as intriguing discussions and interviews on the AAU Talks. We also give you an insight into the wonderful universities in Africa as well as some documentaries.AAU TV Talks and Documentaries
  • The UINESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) Global Education Database provides internationally comparable data on all levels of education for more than 200 countries and territories.UIS Global Education Database
  • The International Bibliographic Database on Higher Education (HEDBIB) is a unique resource of references and publications on higher education systems, administration, planning, policy and evaluation from around the world. Links to electronic publications are provided where freely available. New higher education publications are identified by the IAU Information Centre monitoring team. Bibliographic Database on Higher Education
  • Education Sub-Saharan Africa was founded in 2016 to join up, inform, inspire, focus and increase impact for everyone investing in education in sub-Saharan Africa. African Education Research Database
  • The UNESCO World Inequality Database on Education (WIDE) brings together data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), other national household surveys and learning assessments from over 160 countries. Users can compare education outcomes between countries, and between groups within countries, according to factors that are associated with inequality, including wealth, gender, and ethnicity and location. Users can also create maps, charts, infographics and tables from the data, and download, print or share them online.World Inequality Database on Education
  • UNESCO website dedicated to education in Africa, with blogs, links to databases, information on SDG4.UNESCO Education in Africa
  • University World News is the first high-quality truly international newspaper and website, dedicated to providing such coverage. Supported by some of the world’s most experienced education journalists, and aimed at higher education readers worldwide, it is offering a weekly emailed newspaper plus access to a dedicated news website – free of charge. University World News comprises a network of some five dozen education journalists based in more than two dozen countries, with representation in all regions. Our journalists are respected senior reporters who have been prolifically published in international and national newspapers and magazines. University World News
  • Museums in Africa on Wikipedia.Museums in Africa (Wiki)

Movies and images

  • Africa in the Photobook is a website initiated in 2015 by photographer and (photo)historian Ben Krewinkel. The website is about the changing visual representation of Africa as expressed through the medium of the photobook. By showcasing book spreads the books become partly accessible to a wider public and function as a platform for students, collectors and experts to talk about the content of the books. Africa in the Photobook
  • Videos on DailyMotion.Videos on DailyMotion

News about Eritrea

Showing 2 headlines from the past seven days
08/05/2020 - 16:55

By John Mukum Mbaku

Recently, the tensions among Egypt,...

Brookings Topics - Sub-Saharan Africa
08/04/2020 - 09:54
Countries: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda,...
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