Chad

Flag of ChadChad (Arabic: تشاد‎ Tšād; French: Tchad i/ˈtʃæd/), officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west. Chad is divided into multiple regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanese savanna zone in the south. Lake Chad, after which the country is named, is the largest wetland in Chad and the second largest in Africa. Chad's highest peak is the Emi Koussi in the Sahara, and N'Djamena, (formerly Fort-Lamy), the capital, is the largest city. Chad is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Arabic and French are the official languages. Islam and Christianity are the most widely practiced religions.
From Wikipedia

General information

  • Provides detailed information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, defence, and transnational issues of different countries. CIA World Factbook
  • Country profiles of all the countries in the world.BBC country profile
  • In-depth reports by the German Bertelsmann Stiftung on countries’ political and economic development.Transformation: Country Reports
  • This collection contains the electronic versions of 80 books previously published in hard copy as part of the Country Studies Series by the Federal Research Division. Intended for a general audience, books in the series present a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of select countries throughout the world.Library of Congress Country Study
  • The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia. It is written by about 100 full-time editors and more than 4,000 contributors, who have included 110 Nobel Prize winners and five American presidents.Encyclopedia Brittanica
  • IndexMundi contains detailed country statistics, charts, and maps compiled from multiple sources.IndexMundi
  • Representation of (tentative) African heritage sites on the World Heritage List which is maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).World Heritage List - UNESCO
  • The African Union (AU) was founded in 1999 with the goal of accelerating the process of integration in the continent, to enable it play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation. African Union (AU) member
  • The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna (historically known as the Sudan region) to the south. The Sahel part of Africa includes (from west to east) parts of northern Senegal, southern Mauritania, central Mali, northern Burkina Faso, the extreme south of Algeria, Niger, the extreme north of Nigeria, central Chad, central and southern Sudan, the extreme north of South Sudan, Eritrea, Cameroon, Central African Republic and extreme north of Ethiopia.The Sahel zone on Wikipedia

Government, law, politics and elections

  • A database with references and links to constitutional documents, from the University of Konstanz.Database of the Constitutions of Sub-Saharan Africa (DCSSA)
  • The Constitute Project offers access to the world’s constitutions.World's constitutions
  • The Zárate's Political Collections (ZPC) is a site devoted to collect dates and figures of the worldwide leadership on a country basis.Zarate World Political Leaders
  • This regularly updated website has a global collection of voter turnout statistics for presidential and parliamentary elections since 1945. International IDEA: Voter Turnout
  • ElectionGuide is provided by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), an international nonprofit dedicated to strengthening electoral democracy. Launched in 1998 through a grant from USAID and currently funded by the same, ElectionGuide is the most comprehensive and timely source of verified election information available online.IFES Election Guide
  • PARLINE is the IPU's database on national parliaments. It contains authoritative information on the structure and working methods of every national parliament.IPU PARLINE Parliament database
  • Provides access to African constitutions and laws and treaties on intellectual property (IP). WIPO Lex law database
  • Business law and information on taxation in francophone Africa including texts of laws. Kept up to date and selected by specialist lawyers. (In French.) Droit-Afrique.com
  • Congress established its Law Library in 1832, recognizing its need for ready access to reliable legal materials. The Law Library has grown over the years to become the world’s largest law library, with a collection of over 2.65 million volumes spanning the ages and covering virtually every jurisdiction in the world.Library of Congress Guide to Law Online
  • The African Law Library powered by the African Innovaiton Foundation (AIF), aims to enhance the legal environment of business in Africa by bringing legal information into one publicly available repository.African Law Library
  • The Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa (ICLA) is a research institute located in the Faculty of Law of the University of Pretoria. The ICLA was established at the beginning of 2011. Drawing on the extensive networks that the Faculty has established over many years in Africa and beyond, the objective of the ICLA is to become a first port of call for those who wish to engage in legal research and legal reform in Africa involving comparative or international law at the advanced level. ICLA offers country reports in PDF format. Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa (ICLA)
  • The official website of the presidency in Chad (in French and Arabic). Presidency of Chad
  • An official government website with news and information on Chad’s Constitution, its institutions, the President and the government (in French). Republic of Chad
  • The African Legal Information Institute (AfricanLII) is a project of the Democratic Governance and Rights Unit (DGRU) at the Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town. It was incubated at the Southern Africa Litigation Center (SALC). AfricanLII's main goal is to promote Free Access to Law and Open Justice in Africa. AfricanLii access to law
  • The World Legal Information Institute (WorldLII) is a free, independent and non-profit global legal research facility. WorldLII provides a single search facility for databases; the WorldLII Catalog provides links to over 15,000 law-related web sites in every country in the world. WorldLii legal information
  • UN ILO Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation.Intl. Labour Organization NATLEX database

Crisis, conflict, peacebuilding and security

  • UNHCR’s Global Focus provides an overview of the protection risks that refugees and other populations of concern to UNHCR face across the world, as well as regularly updated information about the organization’s programmes, operations, financial requirements, funding levels and donor contributions. UNHCR operational reports and statistics
  • UN Reliefweb offers overviews, news, analysis and maps on crises and disasters.UN Reliefweb
  • IRIN delivers unique, authoritative and independent reporting from the frontlines of crises to inspire and produce a more effective humanitarian response.IRIN News
  • The United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) was officially launched on 2 March 2011 in Libreville, Gabon. It is mandated to assist Member States and Sub-regional organizations in consolidating peace and preventing potential conflicts.United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA)
  • The International Crisis Group is an independent organisation working to prevent wars and shape policies that will build a more peaceful world.International Crisis Group
  • The Global Observatory provides timely analysis on peace and security issues by experts, journalists, and policymakers. It is published by the International Peace Institute. The views expressed here represent those of the contributors and not IPI.IPI Global Observatory
  • UNOWAS has the responsibility for preventive diplomacy, good offices and political mediation and facilitation efforts in West Africa and the Sahel. UNOWAS also works to consolidate peace and democratic governance in countries emerging from conflict or political crises.United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS)
  • This index (formerly the Failed States Index), created by The Fund for Peace and published by Foreign Policy, has put countries into perspective by providing an annual snapshot of their vitality and stability (or lack thereof) and ranking them accordingly.Fragile States Index- Fund For Peace (FFP)
  • The Africa Center is a U.S. Department of Defense institution established and funded by Congress for the study of security issues relating to Africa and serving as a forum for bilateral and multilateral research, communication, training, and exchange of ideas involving military and civilian participants. Its mission is to advance African security by expanding understanding, providing a trusted platform for dialogue, building enduring partnerships, and catalyzing strategic solutions.Africa Center for Strategic Studies
  • IDMC is the leading source of information and analysis on internal displacement.Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
  • Maps and ground breaking peace research from the Institute for Economics and Peace. Global Peace Index
  • This site has information provided by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program at Uppsala University on armed conflicts around the world.Uppsala conflict database
  • The UN peace agreements database is the online mediation support tool developed by the UN Department of Political Affairs. Intended for peacemaking professionals, it includes an extensive database of peace agreements, guidance material and information on the UN’s mediation support services.UN Peace agreements database
  • Established in Washington, D.C., over 50 years ago, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a bipartisan, nonprofit policy research organization dedicated to providing strategic insights and policy solutions to help decisionmakers chart a course toward a better world.Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
  • The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.SIPRI databases
  • The UN Register of Conventional Arms (UNROCA) offers data about arms trade as reported by 170 countries. UN Register of Conventional Arms data
  • The Mapping Arms Data (MAD) 1992-2014 visualization project is produced by PRIO and the Igarapé Institute. It represents an upgrade of the original global small arms, light weapons and ammunition visualization produced by Google as part of the Google Ideas INFO (Illicit Networks Forces in Opposition) Summit with support from the Igarapé Institute.Peace Research Institute Oslo Arms Data Mapping
  • Stratfor is a geopolitical intelligence platform that brings global events into valuable perspective. Worldview is the primary source for Stratfor’s published geopolitical analyses and forecasting. Stratfor Worldview
  • JusticeInfo.net is an independent media platform of Fondation Hirondelle, together with academic partners Oxford Transitional Justice Research (OTJR) and Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI). JusticeInfo.net provides news and analysis of justice developments in transition societies, such as the work of Truth Commissions, tribunals investigating serious human rights abuses, peace and reconciliation processes. Fondation Hirondelle JusticeInfo.net
  • Genocide Watch exists to predict, prevent, stop, and punish genocide and other forms of mass murder. Genocide Watch
  • Provides the current travel advice of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Dutch). Reisadviezen Rijksoverheid (in Dutch)
  • Food security analysis by the World Food Programme (WFP) Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping (VAM) programmeWFP Food Security Analysis
  • The Global Food Security Index was designed and constructed by the Economist Intelligence Unit and is sponsored by DuPont. The Economist Intelligence Unit exercises full and final editorial control over all content, including data gathering, analysis and forecasting.Global Food Security Index

Human rights

  • Provides news and publications about human rights wordwide. Amnesty International
  • Contains country-specific background briefings, commentaries, country reports, and press releases published by Human Rights Watch and others.Human Rights Watch
  • The sources, part of the database Refwold, cover the human rights situation in a particular country of origin. Country information - human rights
  • The University of Pretoria’s Centre for Human Rights database has documents on national legislation (Constitution) and reports from the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights as well as UN documents. African Human Rights Document database
  • Founded by four journalists in the southern French city Montpellier in 1985, RSF is now one of the world’s leading NGOs in the defense and promotion of freedom of information.Reporters Without Borders
  • FIDH (International Federation for Human Rights) is an international human rights NGO federating 184 organizations from 112 countries. Since 1922, FIDH has been defending all civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights as set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
  • The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is the principal United Nations office mandated to promote and protect human rights for all.UN OHCHR Human Rights

Experts

Economy

  • Part of the World Bank's website, with information, analysis and reports on its projects and strategic plans. World Bank country information
  • Offers free access to more than 2000 financial, business, health, economic and human development statistics.World Bank statistical data
  • Offers comprehensive, comparable data and analysis of 53 African economies. African Economic Outlook
  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization of 189 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.International Monetary Fund (IMF) country information
  • GlobalEDGE is a source for statistical data for nearly every country in the world. GlobalEDGE is developed by the Michigan State University International Business Centre.GlobalEDGE business news and data
  • UNCTADSTAT country profiles are selections of key economic statistics by country. They include a wide range of internationally comparable indicators allowing users to compare statistics across countries. The general profiles provide a basic snapshot of a country's economic and financial situation, facilitating convenient cross-country comparisons. UNCTAD statistics country profiles
  • The only tripartite U.N. agency, since 1919 the International Labour Organization (ILO) brings together governments, employers and workers representatives of 187 member States , to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men.UN International Labour Organization
  • Statistics on labour and employment by the UN International Labour Organization.UN ILO labour and employment statistics
  • The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) (French: Communauté Économique des États de l'Afrique Centrale, CEEAC) is an Economic Community of the African Union for promotion of regional economic co-operation in Central Africa.Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
  • Official website of the Commison of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS / CEEAC).ECCAS (CEEAC) Commission

Development

  • UNDP works in nearly 170 countries and territories, helping to achieve the eradication of poverty, and the reduction of inequalities and exclusion. We help countries to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities and build resilience in order to sustain development results.United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • Open.undp.org presents detailed information on the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) local and regional projects.UNDP Projects
  • Provide broad mesures of well-being for countries in de UN system and published annually by the United Nations Development Programme.The indicators are health, education, income/command over resources, inequalty, gender, poverty, employment and vulnerability, human security, trade and financial flows, mobility and communication, environment, demography.International human development indicators (UNDP)
  • Eldis supports free and open access to useful and relevant research on global development challenges.Eldis country profiles
  • The Development Data Hub is the most comprehensive online resource for financial and resource flow data alongside poverty, social and vulnerability indicators. It combines an extensive data store with interactive visualisations enabling you to chart, map and compare data at the global, national and local level.Development Data Hub
  • Contains country-specific background briefings, publications, press releases and films published by United Nations World Food Programme (WFP).World Food Programme
  • The overarching objective of the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group is to spur sustainable economic development and social progress in its regional member countries (RMCs), thus contributing to poverty reduction.African Development Bank Group
  • Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts – to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. An intergovernmental organization, FAO has 194 Member Nations, two associate members and one member organization, the European Union. FAO Country profiles
  • The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is the specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability. UNIDO maintains a variety of databases comprising statistics of overall industrial growth, detailed data on business structure and statistics on major indicators of industrial performance by country in the historical time series. UN Industrial Development Organization data
  • The European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) is an independent ‘think and do tank’ working on international cooperation and development policy in Europe and Africa. The ECDPM website allows searching webpages, publications, blogs, events and people by keywords. You may also want to have a look at the ECDPM dossiers: http://ecdpm.org/dossiers/European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM)
  • A specialized organization with the mandate to support educational policy, planning and management, UNESCO International Institute of Education Planning (IIEP) develops the capacities of education actors to plan and manage their systems through its programmes of training, technical assistance, policy research and knowledge sharing.UNESCO International Institute of Education Planning (IIEP)
  • he Mo Ibrahim Foundation (MIF) is an African foundation, established in 2006 with one focus: the critical importance of governance and leadership in Africa. The Foundation, which is a non-grant making organisation, focuses on defining, assessing and enhancing governance and leadership in Africa. Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG)
  • The Land Book presents comprehensive country and thematic pages with linked open data on land governance from diverse sources around the world.Landportal landbook
  • The mission of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. The OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems; works with governments to understand what drives economic, social and environmental change; measures productivity and global flows of trade and investment; and analyses and compares data to predict future trends. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
  • USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential.USAID
  • OECD iLibrary is the online library of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) featuring its books, papers and statistics and is the gateway to OECD’s analysis and data. It replaced SourceOECD in July 2010. OECD iLibrary also contains content published by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the OECD Development Centre, PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), and the International Transport Forum (ITF). OECD iLibrary
  • The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is a leading independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues. ODI works with partners in the public and private sectors, in both developing and developed countries. You may also want to use the website search function, or see: https://www.odi.org/our-work/sub-saharan-africa.Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

Other data and statistics

  • Provides statistics, estimates and projections produced by countries and compiled by the United Nations data system on agriculture, crime, education, energy, industry, labour, national accounts, population and tourism. United Nations Data
  • Provides a compilation of data with maps and graphs from the CIA World Factbook, the UN and the OECD. NationMaster
  • The 'Google for data', providing statistical data in graphs, tables and charts. Zanran data and statistics
  • World Population Review's goal is to make this data more accessible through graphs, charts, analysis and visualizations.World Population Review
  • Statistical information from the UN Food and Agricultural Organization.FAOSTAT Country indicators
  • UNFPA works in more than 150 countries and territories that are home to the vast majority of the world’s people. Its mission: to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled. This website provides data on population, pregnancy, birth, health and more.United Nations Population Fund
  • Gives access to a wide range of development data on Africa in African Development Bank Group's data portals as well as from other regional and international partners. The platform also facilitates the collection, analysis, and sharing of data on topics such as food security, gender equality, and climate change.Open Data for Africa
  • Offers access to a repository of open data on the African continent and maintained by Code for Africa as a public service.openAFRICA datasets
  • Part of the World Health Organization's website, with statistical information, health profiles, WHO collaboration,  mortality and burden of disease, nutrition and risk factors. World Health Organization country information
  • The DHS Program provides decision makers and program managers with the information necessary to plan, monitor and evaluate population, health, and nutrition programs.USAID Democratic and Health Surveys
  • Global Forest Watch offers the latest data, technology and tools that empower people everywhere to better protect forests. Global Forest Watch country profiles
  • The USGS annual reviews from the 'Minerals Yearbook Volume III: Area Reports-International-Africa and the Middle East' are designed to provide timely statistical data on mineral commodities in various countries. Each report includes sections on government policies and programs, environmental issues, trade and production data, industry structure and ownership, commodity sector developments, infrastructure, and a summary outlook.U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Information
  • The 2014 Environmental Performance Index is a joint project between the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy (YCELP) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University. The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) was born out of a recognition that environmental policymaking lacked scientific, quantitative rigor. Environmental Performance Index
  • Demographic and socio-economic statistics from Chad (in French). Institut National de la Statistique, des Etudes Economiques et Démographiques (INSEED)

Publications

Internet resources

  • Is a media file repository that offers public-domain and freely licensed educational media content (images, sound and video clips). Country maps on Wikimedia Commons
  • Provides access to the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection and includes a collection of online CIA and historical maps. Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection
  • The Herskovits Library of African Studies (US Northwestern University) 16th- Early 20th Century Maps of Africa collection contains digital copies of 113 antique maps of Africa and accompanying text.16th- Early 20th Century Maps of Africa

Libraries and archives

  • With its eminent scholars and world-renowned Library and Archives, the Stanford University Hoover Institution seeks to improve the human condition by advancing ideas that promote economic opportunity and prosperity, while securing and safeguarding peace for America and all mankind.Hoover Institution Collections
  • Provides information about the National Library and the Legal Deposit of Chad (in French).Chad’s libraries

Movies and images

  • Lists more than 1300 films/documentaries on a specific country in the library catalogue of the African Studies Centre (ASC) in Leiden. African films at the ASCL
  • Is a library of homemade movies and amateur films illustrating French colonial history in Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Congo, the CAR, Cameroon, Benin, Madagascar and Indochina. Cinémémoire Films d'Archives
  • IMDb is the world’s most popular and authoritative source for movie, TV and celebrity content. The IMDb consumer site (www.imdb.com) is the #1 movie website in the world with a combined web and mobile audience of more than 250 million unique monthly visitors. IMDb 'movies by country' offers lists and other information about titles produced or co-produced by that country.International Movie Database (IMDb)
  • The Library of Congress prints & photographs online catalog.Library of Congress Prints & Photographs
  • Africa Focus brings together, in digital form, two categories of primary and secondary resources: research and teaching materials collected by University of Wisconsin faculty and staff; and unique or valuable items related to these fields held by the University of Wisconsin Libraries. This collection contains more than 3000 slides, 500 photographs, and 50 hours of sounds from forty-five different countries.University of Wisconsin Africa Focus

Music

  • Discographic database of African and Caribbean music at Le MediaPort de l'INA (L'Institut National de l'Audiovisuel). Afromix African music
  • Has information on popular and folk music, instruments and artists. Music of Chad on Wikipedia

News media

  • All Africa is an important provider of news from and about Africa. All Africa aggregates and distributes news from many African and international news sources and media.All Africa
  • Thomson Reuters is a leading news and information provider. Their philantropic arm is the Thomson Reuters Foundation (http://www.trust.org), providing humanitarian news.Reuters Africa
  • The Economist prodives world news, news on politics, economics, business & financeThe Economist
  • Recent news on politics, economics and Chadian society (in French).Tchadactuel

News about Chad

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PARIS/WASHINGTON, Oct 20 (Reuters) - The United States must step up...
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