Flag of BotswanaBotswana /bɒtswɑːnə/, officially the Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens refer to themselves as "Batswana" (singular: Motswana). Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. It has held uninterrupted democratic elections since independence.
From Wikipedia

General information

  • Provides detailed information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, defence, and transnational issues of different countries. CIA World Factbook
  • Country profiles of all the countries in the world.BBC country profile
  • Provides access to information about legal matters in 16 Southern and Eastern African countries including primary legal materials (legislation, treaties and decisions by courts and tribunals) and secondary materials created by public bodies for purposes of public access (e.g. law reform and royal commission reports) and a number of law journals. Southern African Legal Information Institute (SAFLII)
  • In-depth reports by the German Bertelsmann Stiftung on countries’ political and economic development.Transformation: Country Reports
  • Provides information on the survey methods and techniques, working papers and briefing papers of Afrobarometer’s non-partisan research project that measures the social, political and economic atmosphere in more than a dozen African countries.Afrobarometer
  • The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of 52 independent and equal sovereign states. The Commonwealth is home to 2.4 billion people and includes both advanced economies and developing countries. Thirty of the members are small states, many of which are island nations.Commonwealth member countries
  • The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia. It is written by about 100 full-time editors and more than 4,000 contributors, who have included 110 Nobel Prize winners and five American presidents.Encyclopedia Brittanica
  • IndexMundi contains detailed country statistics, charts, and maps compiled from multiple sources.IndexMundi
  • Representation of (tentative) African heritage sites on the World Heritage List which is maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).World Heritage List - UNESCO
  • UNESCO lists oral traditions, performing arts, social practices, rituals, festive events, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe, or the knowledge and skills to produce traditional crafts, as intangable cultural heritage.UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage

Government, law, politics and elections

  • The official website of the government of Botswana.Government of Botswana
  • A database with references and links to constitutional documents, from the University of Konstanz.Database of the Constitutions of Sub-Saharan Africa (DCSSA)
  • The Constitute Project offers access to the world’s constitutions.World's constitutions
  • The Zárate's Political Collections (ZPC) is a site devoted to collect dates and figures of the worldwide leadership on a country basis.Zarate World Political Leaders
  • ElectionGuide is provided by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), an international nonprofit dedicated to strengthening electoral democracy. Launched in 1998 through a grant from USAID and currently funded by the same, ElectionGuide is the most comprehensive and timely source of verified election information available online.IFES Election Guide
  • PARLINE is the IPU's database on national parliaments. It contains authoritative information on the structure and working methods of every national parliament.IPU PARLINE Parliament database
  • This regularly updated website has a global collection of voter turnout statistics for presidential and parliamentary elections since 1945. International IDEA: Voter Turnout
  • Provides access to African constitutions and laws and treaties on intellectual property (IP). WIPO Lex law database
  • Congress established its Law Library in 1832, recognizing its need for ready access to reliable legal materials. The Law Library has grown over the years to become the world’s largest law library, with a collection of over 2.65 million volumes spanning the ages and covering virtually every jurisdiction in the world.Library of Congress Guide to Law Online
  • The African Law Library powered by the African Innovaiton Foundation (AIF), aims to enhance the legal environment of business in Africa by bringing legal information into one publicly available repository.African Law Library

Crisis, conflict, peacebuilding and security

  • UNHCR’s Global Focus provides an overview of the protection risks that refugees and other populations of concern to UNHCR face across the world, as well as regularly updated information about the organization’s programmes, operations, financial requirements, funding levels and donor contributions. UNHCR operational reports and statistics
  • UN Reliefweb offers overviews, news, analysis and maps on crises and disasters.UN Reliefweb
  • The Global Observatory provides timely analysis on peace and security issues by experts, journalists, and policymakers. It is published by the International Peace Institute. The views expressed here represent those of the contributors and not IPI.IPI Global Observatory
  • This index (formerly the Failed States Index), created by The Fund for Peace and published by Foreign Policy, has put countries into perspective by providing an annual snapshot of their vitality and stability (or lack thereof) and ranking them accordingly.Fragile States Index- Fund For Peace (FFP)
  • IDMC is the leading source of information and analysis on internal displacement.Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
  • Maps and ground breaking peace research from the Institute for Economics and Peace. Global Peace Index
  • The Africa Center is a U.S. Department of Defense institution established and funded by Congress for the study of security issues relating to Africa and serving as a forum for bilateral and multilateral research, communication, training, and exchange of ideas involving military and civilian participants. Its mission is to advance African security by expanding understanding, providing a trusted platform for dialogue, building enduring partnerships, and catalyzing strategic solutions.Africa Center for Strategic Studies
  • Established in Washington, D.C., over 50 years ago, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a bipartisan, nonprofit policy research organization dedicated to providing strategic insights and policy solutions to help decisionmakers chart a course toward a better world.Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
  • This site has information provided by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program at Uppsala University on armed conflicts around the world.Uppsala conflict database
  • The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.SIPRI databases

Human rights

  • The sources, part of the database Refwold, cover the human rights situation in a particular country of origin. Country information - human rights
  • Founded by four journalists in the southern French city Montpellier in 1985, RSF is now one of the world’s leading NGOs in the defense and promotion of freedom of information.Reporters Without Borders
  • The University of Pretoria’s Centre for Human Rights database has documents on national legislation (Constitution) and reports from the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights as well as UN documents. African Human Rights Document database
  • FIDH (International Federation for Human Rights) is an international human rights NGO federating 184 organizations from 112 countries. Since 1922, FIDH has been defending all civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights as set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
  • The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is the principal United Nations office mandated to promote and protect human rights for all.UN OHCHR Human Rights
  • DITSHWANELO is an advocacy organization that promotes and protects human rights in Botswana society. DITSHWANELO - The Botswana Centre for Human Rights


  • Part of the World Bank's website, with information, analysis and reports on its projects and strategic plans. World Bank country information
  • Offers free access to more than 2000 financial, business, health, economic and human development statistics.World Bank statistical data
  • Offers comprehensive, comparable data and analysis of 53 African economies. African Economic Outlook
  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization of 189 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.International Monetary Fund (IMF) country information
  • GlobalEDGE is a source for statistical data for nearly every country in the world. GlobalEDGE is developed by the Michigan State University International Business Centre.GlobalEDGE business news and data
  • UNCTADSTAT country profiles are selections of key economic statistics by country. They include a wide range of internationally comparable indicators allowing users to compare statistics across countries. The general profiles provide a basic snapshot of a country's economic and financial situation, facilitating convenient cross-country comparisons. UNCTAD statistics country profiles
  • Provides a local and foreign currency rating and a T&C assessment. More information requires a special login. Standard & Poor country rating
  • The only tripartite U.N. agency, since 1919 the International Labour Organization (ILO) brings together governments, employers and workers representatives of 187 member States , to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men.UN International Labour Organization
  • Statistics on labour and employment by the UN International Labour Organization.UN ILO labour and employment statistics
  • The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana. Its goal is to further socio-economic cooperation and integration as well as political and security cooperation among 16 southern African states. It complements the role of the African Union.Southern African Development Community (SADC)


  • UNDP works in nearly 170 countries and territories, helping to achieve the eradication of poverty, and the reduction of inequalities and exclusion. We help countries to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities and build resilience in order to sustain development results.United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • presents detailed information on the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) local and regional projects.UNDP Projects
  • Provide broad mesures of well-being for countries in de UN system and published annually by the United Nations Development Programme.The indicators are health, education, income/command over resources, inequalty, gender, poverty, employment and vulnerability, human security, trade and financial flows, mobility and communication, environment, demography.International human development indicators (UNDP)
  • Eldis supports free and open access to useful and relevant research on global development challenges.Eldis country profiles
  • The Development Data Hub is the most comprehensive online resource for financial and resource flow data alongside poverty, social and vulnerability indicators. It combines an extensive data store with interactive visualisations enabling you to chart, map and compare data at the global, national and local level.Development Data Hub
  • The overarching objective of the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group is to spur sustainable economic development and social progress in its regional member countries (RMCs), thus contributing to poverty reduction.African Development Bank Group
  • Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts – to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. An intergovernmental organization, FAO has 194 Member Nations, two associate members and one member organization, the European Union. FAO Country profiles
  • The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is the specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability. UNIDO maintains a variety of databases comprising statistics of overall industrial growth, detailed data on business structure and statistics on major indicators of industrial performance by country in the historical time series. UN Industrial Development Organization data
  • The European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) is an independent ‘think and do tank’ working on international cooperation and development policy in Europe and Africa. The ECDPM website allows searching webpages, publications, blogs, events and people by keywords. You may also want to have a look at the ECDPM dossiers: Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM)
  • A specialized organization with the mandate to support educational policy, planning and management, UNESCO International Institute of Education Planning (IIEP) develops the capacities of education actors to plan and manage their systems through its programmes of training, technical assistance, policy research and knowledge sharing.UNESCO International Institute of Education Planning (IIEP)

Other data and statistics

  • Provides statistics, estimates and projections produced by countries and compiled by the United Nations data system on agriculture, crime, education, energy, industry, labour, national accounts, population and tourism. United Nations Data
  • Provides a compilation of data with maps and graphs from the CIA World Factbook, the UN and the OECD. NationMaster
  • The 'Google for data', providing statistical data in graphs, tables and charts. Zanran data and statistics
  • World Population Review's goal is to make this data more accessible through graphs, charts, analysis and visualizations.World Population Review
  • Statistical information from the UN Food and Agricultural Organization.FAOSTAT Country indicators
  • UNFPA works in more than 150 countries and territories that are home to the vast majority of the world’s people. Its mission: to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled. This website provides data on population, pregnancy, birth, health and more.United Nations Population Fund
  • Offers statistical data such as balances, indicators, coal, oil,  natural gas, renewables, electricity, heat.International Energy Agency statistical data
  • Gives access to a wide range of development data on Africa in African Development Bank Group's data portals as well as from other regional and international partners. The platform also facilitates the collection, analysis, and sharing of data on topics such as food security, gender equality, and climate change.Open Data for Africa
  • Offers access to a repository of open data on the African continent and maintained by Code for Africa as a public service.openAFRICA datasets
  • Part of the World Health Organization's website, with statistical information, health profiles, WHO collaboration,  mortality and burden of disease, nutrition and risk factors. World Health Organization country information


  • Lists all publications on a specific country in the library catalogue of the African Studies Centre (ASC) in Leiden. ASCL publications
  • Provides (free) documents on a specific country in the library catalogue of the African Studies Centre in Leiden (ASCL). Electronic documents via the ASCL
  • Provides (free) electronic documents on a specific country via Connecting-Africa, the gateway to Africana materials in repositories. Electronic documents via Connecting-Africa
  • Offers access to full-text publications via the Internet portal ilissAfrica. ilissAfrica full-text publications
  • Covers Africana periodical literature on a specific country. Bibliographic records in AfricaBib
  • Offers a great deal of bibliographical data on Botswana.The Botswana Society
  • DART-Europe is a partnership of research libraries and library consortia who are working together to improve global access to European research theses. DART-Europe is endorsed by LIBER (Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche), and it is the European Working Group of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD).DART-Europe E-theses Portal

Internet resources

  • Compiled by the University Library of Johann Christian Senckenberg in Frankfurt on the Main and the GIGA Information Centre: Africa Library in Hamburg. Has a database of Internet resources with more than 4900 websites on Sub-Saharan Africa. ilissAfrica internet resources
  • Links to freely available Africa-related material provided by the Nordic Africa Institute. Nordic Africa Institute Guide to Africa on the Internet
  • A guide to Africa-related Internet resources prepared by Stanford University Libraries. Stanford University Guide to Africa-related Internet resources
  • Information and resources, composed by the Columbia University Libraries.Columbia University resources
  • The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ASKIA (Access to Scientific Knowledge In Africa) database provides access to many (scientific) publications. You can search for a country name, and limit the results to the availability of full-text.UNECA Access to Scientific Knowledge in Africa
  • The World Bank Group Open Knowledge Repository, or OKR, is your source for development publications and research. Download more than 4000 research documents on Sub-Saharan Africa, including books and flagship reports on poverty, employment and economic growth. World Bank Group Open Knowledge Repository
  • Slave Biographies: The Atlantic Database Network is an open access data repository of information on the identities of enslaved people in the Atlantic World. It includes the names, ethnicities, skills, occupations, and illnesses of individual slaves.Slave Biographies databases
  • South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid, Building Democracy presents first-hand accounts of anti-aparthied movement. Interviews with South African activists, raw video footage documenting mass resistance and police repression, historical documents, rare photographs, and original narratives tell this remarkable story. An African Online Digital Library (AODL) / Michigan State University (MSU) website. Overcoming Apartheid, Building Democracy
  • The African Activist Archive Project is building an online archive of primary materials - documents, photographs, artifacts, and written and oral memories - of 50 years of activist organizing in the United States in solidarity with African struggles against colonialism, apartheid, and injustice. An African Online Digital Library (AODL) / Michigan State University (MSU) website.African Activist Archive


  • Provides access to ASC staff with country-specific knowledge. Experts at the ASC Leiden
  • Provides access to the African Studies Centre Leiden (ASCL) community network of (international) Africa experts. ASCL Community members
  • Provides access to 1350 Africa experts in Connecting-Africa. Experts in Connecting Africa
  • Africa Past and Present is a podcast about history, culture, and politics in Africa and the diaspora. The show highlights interesting and significant people, ideas, and discussions in African Studies from a wide range of disciplines and perspectives. An African Online Digital Library (AODL) project (Michigan State University (MSU)).Africa Past and Present Podcasts
  • Is a media file repository that offers public-domain and freely licensed educational media content (images, sound and video clips). Country maps on Wikimedia Commons
  • Provides access to the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection and includes a collection of online CIA and historical maps. Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection
  • The Herskovits Library of African Studies (US Northwestern University) 16th- Early 20th Century Maps of Africa collection contains digital copies of 113 antique maps of Africa and accompanying text.16th- Early 20th Century Maps of Africa

Libraries and archives

  • Struggles for Freedom: Southern Africa focuses on the complex and varied liberation struggles in the region, with an emphasis on Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe.Struggles for Freedom in Southern Africa Collections
  • Ohio University Libraries have been the North American depository for official Botswana publications since 1990 and have materials published in Botswana or on Botswana. The website includes access to its library catalogue. Ohio University Libraries

Movies and images

  • Lists more than 1300 films/documentaries on a specific country in the library catalogue of the African Studies Centre (ASC) in Leiden. African films at the ASCL
  • IMDb is the world’s most popular and authoritative source for movie, TV and celebrity content. The IMDb consumer site ( is the #1 movie website in the world with a combined web and mobile audience of more than 250 million unique monthly visitors. IMDb 'movies by country' offers lists and other information about titles produced or co-produced by that country.International Movie Database (IMDb)
  • This UK National Archive collection of photographs spans over 100 years of African history, from the 1860s onwards. The photographs were taken from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office photographic collection (CO 1069). In many instances little is known about the people or contents of the photographs. Africa through a lens
  • The historical images (ca.1860-ca.1960) in the International Mission Photography Archive come from Protestant and Catholic missionary collections held at a number of centers in Britain, Europe, and North America. The photographs record missionary endeavors and reflect the missionaries’ experience of communities and environments abroad. International Mission Photography Archive
  • Africa Focus brings together, in digital form, two categories of primary and secondary resources: research and teaching materials collected by University of Wisconsin faculty and staff; and unique or valuable items related to these fields held by the University of Wisconsin Libraries. This collection contains more than 3000 slides, 500 photographs, and 50 hours of sounds from forty-five different countries.University of Wisconsin Africa Focus
  • The David Coulson Africa Heritage Collection represents several decades of photographic documentation beginning in the 1980s. Featured in this collection are images capturing the cultural heritage of various sites, including the ritual art of the Stone Churches of Lalibela and various ruins in Niger and coastal Kenya, and ritual and everyday social practices within these contexts, including everyday life in the Kalahari Desert, a major Rock Art landscape.David Coulson Africa Heritage Collection
  • Featured in this collection are images capturing the cultural heritage of various sites, including the ritual art of the Stone Churches of Lalibela and various ruins in Niger and coastal Kenya. Coulson also depicts in this collection ritual and everyday social practices within these contexts, including everyday life in the Kalahari Desert, a major Rock Art landscape. Trust for African Rock Art Collection
  • The African Media Program (AMP) offers an online, comprehensive database of films, videos, and other audio-visual materials concerning Africa as well as education services about African media. The AMP is a project from Michigan State University's (MSU) African Studies Center, a Title VI National Resource Center in African Languages and Area Studies.The African Media Program


  • Discographic database of African and Caribbean music at Le MediaPort de l'INA (L'Institut National de l'Audiovisuel). Afromix African music
  • John Brearley’s collection is an ongoing work that began with his first trip to Botswana in July 1982 to investigate and record traditional music, and to observe to what extent the influence of radio and recorded music had interrupted the use of traditional instruments. John Brearley Botswana Collection
  • Hans-Joachim Heinz, was an anthropologist, who from 1961 worked amongst the !Ko Bushmen (San) of the Kalahari. The recordings include vocal solos and duets, healing songs, musical games, and a range of instruments including musical bows and other stringed instruments and lamellaphones.Hans-Joachim Heinz Botswana Collection

News media

  • All Africa is an important provider of news from and about Africa. All Africa aggregates and distributes news from many African and international news sources and media.All Africa
  • Thomson Reuters is a leading news and information provider. Their philantropic arm is the Thomson Reuters Foundation (, providing humanitarian news.Reuters Africa
  • The Economist prodives world news, news on politics, economics, business & financeThe Economist

News about Botswana

Showing 30 headlines from the past two days
03/17/2018 - 20:42
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03/17/2018 - 20:36
Uganda's KCCA, Swaziland's Mbabane Swallows and Botswana's Township...
BBC News - Africa
03/17/2018 - 20:42
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03/17/2018 - 17:01
Botswana's president Ian Khama has accused the US government of...
03/17/2018 - 11:26
Botswana’s President Ian Khama on Friday accused the US government of...
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03/17/2018 - 09:48
[New Zimbabwe] HOME affairs minister Obert Mpofu has urged Zimbabwean...
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03/17/2018 - 09:48
[New Zimbabwe] HOME affairs minister Obert Mpofu has urged Zimbabwean...
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03/17/2018 - 00:45
In 2012, an image of Trump's son Donald Junior holding a knife and an...
03/16/2018 - 19:17
On February 19, Boko Haram insurgents abducted 110 girls from their...
03/16/2018 - 18:05
* Government had traced ST6 strain to Tiger Brands plant (Adds health... is your source for breaking news, busi...
03/16/2018 - 16:46
Overturning a ban on important hunting trophies threaten elephants,...
BBC News - Africa
03/16/2018 - 16:48

• An estimated 20-30,000 elephants are killed by poachers each...

Latest news and features from, the...
03/16/2018 - 16:49
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03/16/2018 - 14:00
[Botswana Daily News] Molepolole -Nominated councillor in the...
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03/16/2018 - 14:02
[Botswana Daily News] Maun -President Lt. Gen. Dr Seretse Khama Ian...
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03/16/2018 - 13:40
[Citizen] Dar es Salaam -Young Africans are brimming with confidence...
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03/16/2018 - 13:53
[Botswana Daily News] Gaborone -Zimbabwe Minister of Home Affairs and...
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03/16/2018 - 13:53
[Botswana Daily News] Gaborone -Zimbabwe Minister of Home Affairs and...
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03/16/2018 - 13:57
[Botswana Daily News] Hukuntsi -Kgosi Cosmos Moapare IV of Hukuntsi...
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03/16/2018 - 12:50
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03/16/2018 - 10:05
[Botswana Daily News] Maun -Following their two consecutive losses...
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